Insomnia - is the same visitor who visited everyone, and sometimes even stayed for a long time. Its causes may be completely banal, such as excessive stress or excessive coffee a cup at night.
But most of us are mistaken when trying to identify the sleeplessness, because it's not just a lack of sleep, but a set of problems with falling asleep, maintaining sleep during the night and waking up in the morning.
Naturally, such a dream can not bring with itself rest and a feeling that the body has recovered and is ready for another day of work. Therefore, it is important to understand insomnia as a disease in the whole system of causes, consequences and methods of treatment.
Types of insomnia
Types of insomnia (insomnia) mainly depend on the causes that cause it. The most widespread serious types of this disease are rightfully called adaptive and psychophysiological lack of sleep. The first type manifests itself acutely and arises because of strong stress in everyday life, as an unresolved conflict, and strong emotions, even though they can be positive. Psychophysical insomnia is associated more with the self-belief of a person who worries or even doubts about his ability to fall asleep independently.
The following two types suggest a regular lack of sleep for a long time - paradoxical and idiopathic insomnia. The paradox in its essence is the reverse side of this disease, because despite the complaints of the patient, the number of hours he does in a dream actually far exceeds the normal. The idiopathic same is a chronic sleep disturbance that manifests itself most often in childhood and lasts already in adulthood. She may retreat for a while, but for virtually every reason she returns again. The main reason is the violation of that fragile balance in the body that regulates the activity of our nervous system.
Other types are more related to the wrong way of life: smoking, alcohol abuse, overeating, sleep hygiene and other causes. It should be separately say about hygiene, which includes intermittent schedule of sleep, increased fatigue, lack of permanent comfortable place to sleep and regular awakenings at night due to external causes (loud noise, bright lights, sudden temperature changes and so on. D.).
Very often you can experience insomnia, which is a symptom of a more serious physical or even mental illness. That is why it is very important at the first manifestations of insomnia to engage in its treatment.
Consequences of insomnia
A man suffering from this insidious illness for only one night is not so difficult to recognize. He has the following symptoms on his face: increased irritability, sharp mood swings and a decrease in interest in events taking place around.
Further lack of quality sleep leads to loss of ability to focus on the tasks. This is manifested not only in work or family life, but also in simple communication. For example, a person can not find the right word, the correct answer to a question, is experiencing difficulties due to the temporary loss of memory of recent events. In addition, physical signs are manifested. The sensitivity to pain is increased, the eyes constantly itch and flow, which is accompanied by problems with vision. For all these reasons, the ill becomes unreasonably aggressive, inadequately reacting to the actions of other people or simply on weather outside the window.
In addition to causes directly related to mental and physical health, social consequences are possible. They are original in nature, because they arise due to reduced psychomotor abilities and psychological state as a whole.
Only now, sociologists and even economists are beginning to pay attention to the damage to insomnia to society and the economy. Starting from the fact that this is a common cause of accidents and accidents at work (especially for people whose professional duties are related to security controls). It is believed that every second accident at work is caused by insomnia. And some disasters such as the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant were also partly caused by the drowsiness of the responsible persons. Therefore, you should not just ignore your illness, because it can cause harm not only to you, but also to those around you.
Recommendations for the treatment of insomnia
The first tips are based on how to normalize the sleep hygiene, to put it in order. To do this, take a piece of paper and a pen to record everything that prevents sleep (inconvenient sleeping place, stress and its causes, bad habits, processing, excessive fatigue, etc.). Then, in the order opposite the problem, you should write a solution that can really help. When the problem is exhausted, it must necessarily be deleted to distinguish in this subconscious this fact. It is not necessary to immediately resort to powerful medicines to fall asleep, and even more so to alcohol, which will only increase insomnia. However, there are cases when simple adjustment of the hygiene of sleep is not enough.
Fortunately, most cases of even chronic insomnia are treated successfully. In such cases, it is imperative to apply to the hospital. Only a specialist will advise to conduct tests and tests that determine the real causes of the disease. And only after that the doctor will prescribe the means, if there is such a necessity, indicating how, when and in what amount to take the medicine in your case.
But not everyone goes with their problems to the doctor. The overwhelming majority prefers to cope with the disease on their own. Therefore, having seen the advertisement on television or reading the laudatory article about the drug on the Internet, a person goes to the pharmacy to buy it. Often such a method can help to cope with insomnia, however, there are other problems, such as the inability to fall asleep without medication, damage to internal organs (especially liver) and one of the most severe consequences - addictive. That is why it is better to turn to a specialist who will help to avoid harmful consequences.
Popular methods of treatment
Treatment of mild forms can be limited to the use of herbs that have a mild effect on the human body. As one of these recipes of grassy gatherings it is possible to advise a mixture in equal parts of roots of a hipster, leaves of nettles of a dog, rosemary, melissa, peppermint and cones of a hops. All this can be poured into boiling water and give it a boil. But you can pour 50 g of the mixture with vodka (0.5 L) and insist for three weeks in a dark place, shaking every 2-3 days. Take no more than 12 drops before eating. Do not forget that in this case you will have to deal with alcohol, so it is better to refrain from driving vehicles.
However, one should not overuse the methods of folk medicine, because they do not bear any guarantees. Only a true specialist in a hospital can correctly diagnose you and prescribe appropriate treatment.