Injuries are everywhere, ranging from normal everyday situations to sporting events and accidents. Injuries, fractures are quite frequent and difficult, and the consequences of such injuries can be very sad.
Most often there are mechanical injuries, which include fractures, sores, gland and dislocations. The trauma itself is a variety of damage to parts of the body, tissues and organs as a result of the impact on man of mechanical strength.
Varieties of fractures
Almost all mechanical damage, including injuries (fractures), is very similar in origin and manifestations, but they all appear suddenly and unexpectedly. The victim can not predict the degree of damage and the time of injury, including fracture.
Fractures refer to serious injuries, in which not only the integrity of the skin, but also bones is damaged. Fractures are divided into the following types:
There are injuries (fractures) from flattening or pressure, often accompanied by displacement of debris. This is explained by the fact that the muscles have the ability to reduce after an injury, due to which drag and shifted toward the bones of the bones.
Complaints of the patient when receiving a fracture:
- Pain sensations that increase when you have a load or any movement.
- Changing the shape and position of the broken limb.
- The impossibility of making any limb movements.
- Tumor or bruising at the site of injury.
When the injury is injured, it is possible to detect uneven edges and crisp bone fragments. Injuries (fractures) are very painful injuries, so the first-aid person needs to act with extreme caution in order not to cause pain and not to shake the bones more strongly.
First aid for a fracture
At open bone lesions at the time of injury in the wound, fragments of the bones can be detected, indicating an obvious fracture. In any case, from the actions of a person who provides the victim with first aid, depends on his further treatment and the possible consequences of injury.
First aid for a fracture:
- Ensuring full real estate of the damaged limb.
- Appeal to "Ambulance", a detailed description of what circumstances and how the damage to the limb occurred.
- Overlaying a sterile bandage in case of severe bleeding.
- Help with fainting or shock.
Full real estate is needed to reduce the likelihood of even more damage to fabrics, as well as to prevent shrinkage of debris. Such kind of injury as a fracture requires the imposition of a tire from any better hand material: boards, skis, cardboard, etc. A tire is carefully laid out so that the patient does not get a shock from the pain. The victim can not give any medical products before the arrival of "Ambulance", including painkillers.
Helping an injured person should know that correcting the position of damaged bones can not in any case, because this can only worsen the condition of the patient.