Inflammation of the salivary gland, accompanied by pain, edema and dryness in the mouth, does not pass independently. If you experience the first symptoms of sialadenitis, you should contact your doctor.
A person has three pairs of large and many small salivary glands that secrete up to 2 liters of saliva per day.
Saliva contributes to normal digestion, delivers solid calcium, phosphorus and other useful elements to the teeth, protects the mucous membrane of the mouth, teeth and gums from drying out, chemical and physical influences, as well as protects the body from bacteria and viral infections.
What is sialadenite?
Inflammation of the salivary gland, or sialadenitis, leads to a serious change in the amount and chemical composition of saliva. Most often, sialadenitis is caused by a viral or bacterial infection, rarely - when foreign bodies (toothbrush claws, peel of fruit) come into the salivary duct.
The most common type of inflammation of the salivary gland is epidemic parotitis or mumps. This is the inflammation of the largest (parotid) salivary glands, which most children are exposed to.
Signs of inflammation of the salivary gland
- General malaise, weakness;
- Increase in body temperature to 38,5 ° C (with acute inflammation - up to 40 ° C);
- Swelling in the parotid or submandibular regions (later becomes painful), protuberculated ears;
- Redness of the skin in the field of inflammation;
- Dry mouth, swallowing pain;
- Unpleasant taste sensations, changes in taste perceptions;
- Because of pain in the area of inflammation it is difficult to open the mouth;
- Allocation of purulent secretion instead of saliva.
Treatment for inflammation of the salivary gland
Treatment for inflammation of the salivary gland should be prescribed by a physician. It will depend entirely on the cause of sialadenita.
If the pathogen bacteria or virus and the disease did not have time to develop strongly, there were no complications, the doctor will prescribe drugs.
If inflammation of the salivary gland is caused by a foreign object or purulent blight is too large, surgical intervention will be required.
There are general principles for treating sialadenitis:
- Acute inflammation of the salivary gland is removed by antibiotics prescribed by the doctor;
- The increase in salivation is achieved through the use of solutions of pilocarpine or potassium iodide, as well as chewing gum and acidified drink;
- In some cases physiotherapy is prescribed - hotplates, UHF-therapy, oil compresses, fluctuorization (use of alternating current).