Pain in the inner corner of the eye, redness, unpleasant sensations in the eyes - the usual companions of long work at the computer, sleepless nights and stress. However, such discomfort can also indicate a dangerous disease - inflammation of the lacrimal sac (dacryocystitis).
The tear-packed sack is located between the nose and the inner corner of the eye. From the tear-packed bag starts the tear-nose channel, whereby the mucus fluid enters the nasal cavity.
If this channel stops functioning normally, the tear-off fluid outflow from the lacrimal sac is violated. As a result, it accumulates pathogenic microbes, which also cause inflammation of the mucous membrane of the lacrimal sac.
The most common causes of blockage of the nasopharyngeal canal and inflammation of the lacrimal sac are:
- Congenital lacrimal congestion;
- Various infectious diseases of the eye, as well as their consequences.
Symptoms of inflammation of the lacrimal sac
External evidence of inflammation of the lacrimal sac is swelling and redness of the area in the inner corner of the eye and under the eye. The skin around the bag becomes painful. The eye itself blushes, tears flow constantly from it. If you press a little on the tear-up bag, then through the tear-free points manure will stand out. Sometimes the body temperature rises.
If the inflammatory process proceeds for a long time and is moderate, most of the symptoms disappear by themselves, leaving only a small swelling in the eye area.
Strong inflammation leads to accumulation of fluid in the lacrimal sac and the appearance of a large subcutaneous formation filled with liquid. An abscess may be formed.
Treatment of inflammation of the lacrimal sac
The method of treating inflammation of the lacrimal sac depends on:
- Age of the patient;
- Type of disease (acute or chronic);
- Causes of inflammation.
Newborns make a light massage area of the lacrimal sac and nasopharyngeal canal to eliminate the blockage of the canal. Massage combines with the use of antibacterial drops and anti-infective ointments. In the case of ineffective conservative treatment, they undergo surgery.
Before the operation appoint a large antibacterial therapy, whose purpose - to prevent infectious complications, including Concerning a brain that is at risk due to the possible penetration of venous blood from the inflamed area into the cavity of the skull. During the operation, the normal functioning of the nasolex canal is restored.
In adults, the passage of the nasolabial canal can be restored by flushing with disinfectant solutions.
The need for surgical intervention arises in the case of ineffective medication or the development of chronic inflammation of the lacrimal sac.
It is important to know that the symptoms of inflammation of the lacrimal sac are often similar to those of the conjunctiva, so that these diseases can be easily confused. Therefore, you can not engage in self-treatment, you must contact an ophthalmologist to correctly diagnose the disease in a timely manner.