The intestine is one of the important parts of the digestive system. It splits proteins and fats into compounds, as well as absorption of nutrients. Intestines are microorganisms that synthesize humoral protection factors and vitamins of group B.
Since everything in our body is interconnected, inflammation of the intestine occurs not in itself, but as a pathology of the whole organism or some of its organs. Depending on where the inflammatory processes occur, inflammation can be total or local.
The most distinguished is the colitis, which captures the colon, and the enteritis, which covers the thin section.
Causes of intestinal inflammation
Inflammation of the intestine can be not only in adults, but also in children. For example, lactose deficiency. In this disease, the body does not absorb milk sugar, so the body develops gas and rotten microflora, which leads to acute enterocolitis. Therefore, infants are given mixtures in which there is no milk.
The second common cause of inflammation of the intestine in children is dysbiosis. It occurs when there are no lactobifidus bacteria, so the intestine is inhabited by pathogenic microbes.
Eteritic and colitis in adults develop in various ways. It may be invisible or infectious nature.
- When gastritis, inflammation often spreads first through the duodenal ulcer, then throughout the thin intestine.
With complicated progression of food masses in the intestine causes a disease such as coprostasis. It occurs due to the intestinal swelling and the absence of peristalsis. In the food masses of chyme, which are stuck in the intestine, quickly propagate proteus, coliform and rotten microflora. Intestinal swelling for a person is a serious threat to life, so if you have the first symptoms you should contact a doctor.
- Enteritis always occurs when infectious hepatitis.
- If you take medications such as diclofenac, you can also cause local intestinal processes in the intestine.
- Those who dare to lose weight through starvation, while not following the elementary rules, may as a result of hunger get an enteritis due to the fact that digestive juice is produced, which begins to negatively affect the body. Juice is, but nothing is processed, in the stomach and intestine empty.
- In the large intestine in his mucous membrane there are ulcers, which constantly bleed and do not heal, as a result, there is a disease such as chronic colitis.
- Crohn's disease also causes inflammation of the intestine. In general, this disease is considered hereditary, but in its pathogenesis, autoimmune processes are always involved. In the case of Crohn's disease, not only the mucous membrane, but also the intestinal layer, is affected, not only some parts, but also the entire digestive tract.
The clinical picture of inflammation of the intestine is pronounced. Diarrhea with mucus, abdominal pain, persistent painful appetite for defecation, fever, black Feces interspersed with blood - all these are signs of inflammation of the intestine.
Chronic inflammation of the intestine always passes wavelike, remission changes with exacerbations. To all of the above is observed and the general deterioration of the state of a person's well-being - apathy, drowsiness, lethargy. As the inflammation violates the synthesis of vitamins B, there may be disorders of the nervous system, the disease of hair and skin.
With Crohn's disease and chronic ulcerative colitis, skin lesions and pyoderma often occur on the arms and legs, even in some cases, ganglion extremities are observed, which are another pathology, and decreased appetite and unpleasant sensations after a meal lead to the fact that a person starts Quickly lose weight.
The course of treatment after the examination is necessarily prescribed by the doctor. In the disease of the digestive tract in any case, you can not engage in self-treatment, otherwise you can get the opposite effect and worsen the situation.
In an intensive treatment of inflammation a diet is required. You can not use such products as fried, salty, smoked food, some fruits and vegetables, all products that cause the secretion of digestive juice and have an irritating effect on the mucous membrane. After setting the diagnosis, doctors recommend abundant drinking and fasting, though if it is possible.
When exacerbation of the disease is a wonderful effect of adsorbents, mucous membranes and astringent broths. Oak bark, flaxseeds are considered to be the best folk remedies in therapy. You can also use chamomile broth, propolis extractor, or tincture of kalgan. Of medical products prescribed those that destroy the most basic microorganisms in the human intestine, as well as probiotics.
Diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are clearly a threat to human life. These diseases inhibit the progression of inflammatory processes in the intestine. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease require surgical intervention.
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis
Depending on the symptoms, there are several forms.
- The section of the intestine that is closest to the anus, that is, the rectum, is inflamed. Often the only sign of the disease is bleeding from the rectum. Frequent appetites for defecation and rectal pains are also signs of the disease. It is considered the easiest form of ulcerative colitis.
- A combination of inflammation of the sigmoid and rectum, cramping in the abdomen, pain, false urges to bowel movement.
- Affects the entire colon, which is accompanied by diarrhea. It is accompanied by a too rapid decrease in body weight.
- Symptoms: diarrhea, often accompanied by blood, spastic abdominal pain. Distributed by the rim and sigmoid gut, which are located in the abdominal cavity from the top to the left.
- Very heavy and rare form of pancolio, which poses a threat to life. There is dehydration, severe pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, accompanied by bleeding. This form of colitis is also dangerous by the fact that the body, if not start treatment, is prone to complications. Possible and toxic megacolon and rupture of the gut.
Ulcerative colitis is unstable, exacerbations may alternate with periods of remission.
Symptoms of Crohn's disease
Crohn's disease affects different departments of the gastrointestinal tract. Often, the thick and swollen gut is inflamed. Inflammation can leave on the walls of the intestine of scarring. The disease itself can be both mild and severe.
Symptoms occur without warning, suddenly, rarely gradually. These include:
- Abdominal pain, as well as seizures. The walls of the intestine may increase, that is to blow up or thicken. If the movement of food is normal, it can cause cramps. Mild forms give a little discomfort, and heavy are accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
- Diarrhea. Intestinal seizures may occur because of Crohn's disease there is a lot of water and salts from those parts of the intestine that are affected by the disease. The colon does not cope with the amount of water and diarrhea occurs.
- Blood in fecal masses. If the walls of the intestines are affected by the disease, they can bleed, so blood appears in the stool.
- The appearance of ulcers. As with nonspecific ulcerative colitis, and with Crohn's disease, small ulcers appear, which later form a large ulcer. By the way, they can also appear in the mouth.
- Abdominal pain affects On the appetite, which gradually decreases, which leads to a significant loss of weight. All because inflammation does not allow digestion and absorption of food.