Antibiotics have saved and improved the lives of a much greater number of patients than any other class of drugs.
The discovery of antibiotics marked a new era in the development of medicine. Antibiotics have radically changed the situation in the treatment of infectious diseases, giving physicians a unique opportunity in almost 100% of cases to overcome any infection.
However, their inefficient use has led to the resistance of microorganisms, and in our day it has become a global problem.
Doctors from all over the world can not but worry about the rapid increase in strains that are resistant to most antibiotics, especially in relation to pathogens of hospital infections. Such infections require more long-term treatment and longer stay in the hospital. With insufficient therapeutic efficacy, the physician has to change, combine drugs, increase dosage, which leads to more expensive treatment and is not always safe for the patient.
Types of infections
Hospital infections are represented by three main groups:
- Purulent-septic - about 80% of the total;
- Intestine - 7-12%;
- A group of infections, which includes influenza, acute respiratory infections, diphtheria, and others. (6-8%).
Purulent-septic infections (GIs) are more common in surgical, traumatological and urological compartments. The main reasons contributing to the development of the GSI include carriers of resistant strains in the staff, violation of the sanitary regime, medical manipulations, and the formation of intrahospital strains.
In the second group, salmonellosis is more common, with strains isolated by high resistance to antibiotics and resistance to environmental factors.
Studies conducted by various medical institutions, including microbiological, are very disappointing. According to experts from the World Health Organization (WHO), in a couple of decades all existing strains can be attributed to antibiotic resistant.
In order to change the current trend, doctors suggested taking the following measures: to prohibit the treatment of animals with antibiotics that are widely used in humans; Eliminate antibiotic supplements in animal feed to stimulate growth; Release antibiotics only by prescription.