Tooth implantation is a new way to restore lost teeth, which is the introduction of a metal screw (often titanium) into the bone of the upper or lower jaw. The titanium screw (implant) acts as the root of the lost tooth. The abutment is attached to it - an analogue of a sharpened tooth. On the abutment the crown is fixed.
Before implantation of teeth, an assessment of the patient's health status should always be performed. It is necessary to find out if it is possible to carry out this procedure, whether there are no contraindications for a person to implantation.
Contraindications to tooth implantation
Contraindications to implantation of teeth are absolute and relative. If absolute contraindications are associated with the general health of the patient and can negatively affect themselves during the operation itself, as well as after the operation in the form of various complications, then the relative contraindications can be minimized until implantation.
Absolute contraindications to dental implantation:
- Pathological conditions of the immune system (red lupus, polymyositis, hypophysis of the thymus and parathyroid glands, severe infectious diseases, AIDS);
- Bone marrow disease (osteoporosis, etc.);
- Diseases of the endocrine system (diabetes mellitus, pathology of the adrenal glands, etc.);
- Blood diseases (leukemia, hemolytic anemia, lymphogranulomatosis);
- Diseases of the nervous system and the psyche (paranoia, schizophrenia, neuroses, psychosis, dementia, alcoholism, drug addiction);
- Malignant tumors;
- Sexually transmitted diseases.
Relative contraindications to dental implantation are: