Tomography of the abdominal cavity

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With the help of tomography of the abdominal cavity, the doctor receives detailed information about the condition of the organs located in the peritoneum: kidneys, pancreas, liver, adrenals, spleen, vessels, abdominal lymph nodes.

Computer tomography is successfully used to diagnose blood diseases: lymphogranulomatosis and lymphomas. In men, tomography of the abdominal organs helps to detect ascites, inflammatory processes in the peritoneum, to identify prostate cancer, rectum, bones, soft tissues, bladder and its stage.

Be sure to prescribe a tomography for the primary examination with pelvic trauma, after surgery or for the treatment of radiotherapy for rectal cancer.

For women, the immaturity of the abdominal cavity is prescribed for the diagnosis of uterine pathologies, bladder cancer, pelvic trauma, as a primary examination for inflammation in the pelvis. Computer tomography is indispensable for diagnostics, since As a result of its carrying out a three-dimensional image of high quality, it allows to make internal sections of 0.5 mm in size and detect minor changes in the peritoneum, which can not be seen in other surveys.

Preparation for tomography of the abdominal cavity

In the evening before the procedure, you can eat only light dinner, on the day of tomography you can have breakfast. If the examination was scheduled for the second half of the day, only a light breakfast is allowed: liquid porridge, juice, coffee, hard food should not be.

In addition, if it is supposed to use the contrast in the examination, on the eve of the evening, the patient in the process of preparation for tomography abdominal cavity prescribed to drink in small portions of a half-liter solution of urological 15% (two ampoules 75% of the contrast solution diluted with 1.5 liters of boiled water). Another half a liter should be drunk on the day of the test, in the morning, and take the rest of 500ml with you and drink at 30 and 15 minutes to the tomography. You can enter the contrast intravenously - the drug Ultravist, 50-150 ml. Contrast during the examination is used if it is necessary to perform diagnostics of cysts, tumors, metastases, pathologies of large vessels of the abdominal cavity. It is allowed to enter the contrast directly on the tomography.

The tomography of the abdominal cavity is painless, during its conduct, the patient is to lie motionless, periodically he is asked to hold his breath for a short time. Before the procedure the patient must remove all objects containing metal.

After the tomography, you can immediately return to the usual way of life.

Tomography implies radioactive exposure, and, despite its low dose, the procedure with caution, if necessary, is prescribed to young children. In order for a child to retain property during research, in some cases it is permitted to use anesthesia. For the same reason, anesthesia is used when examining seriously ill patients.

Contraindication

It is impossible to appoint an examination to a patient who has an allergy to iodine and contains his preparations, with increased thyroid function, severe bronchial asthma, with a creatinine level greater than 1.5 mg/dL.

The study is contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women. Taking into account the existing contraindications, patients are required to pass blood on a biochemical test before passing the tomography - to determine the level of urea, ALT, AST, creatinine.

Tomography of the abdominal cavity

Category Of Medical Issues: Diagnostics

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