If you notice that your urine smells with ammonia, it may indicate the disease of the internal organs involved in the urination process. You should immediately pass the urine test and consult with your doctor in order to prevent the development of a serious illness in a timely manner.
Usually fresh urine has a light yellow color, clear and practically does not smell with ammonia. However, after some time, under the influence of air and bacteria (cocci), the structure of urine begins to collapse, and molecules of ammonia are formed.
Causes of ammonia odor in urine
If you immediately experience a sharp ammonia after urination, this may be due to several reasons for its appearance:
- You have not been urinating for a long time;
- You drank little water during the day;
- You recently used such products as spicy seasoning, garlic, horseradish, asparagus;
- Bacteria present in urine.
The norm of a liquid that a person should consume per day is about 3 liters, of which water is pure - 1.5 liters. If you drink enough water per day, the body does not get enough of the slag, as a result, urine smells ammonia. But in most cases, this is the first sign of problems in your body.
Diseases in which urine smells ammonia
In urination and urination, the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra (urethra) are involved. If any organ begins to function poorly or inflames, it immediately affects the quality of urine: its color changes, turbidity, sediment and smell of ammonia appear.
Let's look at the underlying diseases, the signal of which is the ammonia odor.
- Urethritis Occurs as a result of damage to the walls of the urethra by viruses and bacteria. Often, the reason for this is poor personal hygiene. When you have urethritis, you can also observe a blood discharge and a pain in your urination.
- Cystitis is inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder. The cause of cystitis may be infection or excessive hypothermia. Sometimes the irritation of the bladder causes long-term intake of some medications, while the urine smell is something like "pharmacy".
- Pelite (inflammation of the renal pelvis) and pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys). It may develop as a result of hypothermia or as a secondary infection that has risen by urinary tract upward. A characteristic ammonia smell of urine is also accompanied by aching pains in the lower back.
- Urogenital urogenital tract infections (vaginosis, chlamydia, gardnerellosis, etc.). Sexual and urinary systems are closely interrelated, therefore, often sexually transmitted infections lead to inflammation of the urinary tract.
- Diabetes (associated with dehydration). In urine of diabetics there is an elevated amount of ketone bodies (acetone bodies), which causes the urine to smell with ammonia.
- Hepatic insufficiency, jaundice, viral hepatitis, caused by toxic or alcoholic liver damage. Urine acquires a dark color that resembles the color of beer, and the smell of ammonia.
- Tuberculosis, malignant tumors.
If you notice that the urine smells like ammonia, it should be analyzed as soon as possible and seek medical advice to prevent the disease and avoid hospitalization and expensive treatment.