Prevention of hypertension: to prevent the development of hypertension - it means to stop in time and realize what factors in your life can affect the development of dangerous pathology.
Important rules for preventing hypertension
It is possible to save the quality of life only by carefully following the image of this very life. Control over arterial pressure is one of the most important tasks facing anyone who wants to live up to a healthy old age. Consider the basic rules for the prevention of hypertension.
Risk factors for hypertension
High blood pressure, or hypertension (hypertension), can be triggered or exacerbated by a multitude of factors called risk factors.
It can be different conditions: a way of life and habits, circumstances from the outside, disturbances in the work of the organism. Some of these factors are objective phenomena, with which nothing can be done, such as sex, age, genetic predisposition.
Others can and should change if they are interested in maintaining health. Let's start with an objective one.
Prevention of Hypertension: Objective Risk Factors
With age, the risk of developing hypertension is significantly increased, although the increase in blood pressure today is observed in young people, as well as in schoolchildren. In older people, the highest incidence of arterial hypertension is observed after 45 years.
Gender dependence in the development of the disease is not so pronounced, but in men, hypertension develops a little more often than in women.
The loss of elasticity of arterioles - the smallest arteries - is quite common in hypertensive patients. As a result, it leads to an increase in blood pressure. However, the reason for such a change from arterioles is unknown. It is believed that this pathology of the arteries is due primarily to genetic factors.
An important prophylaxis of hypertension: the abandonment of bad habits
Smoking and alcohol abuse, malnutrition and sedentary lifestyles significantly increase the risk of developing arterial hypertension.
Consumed daily salt - is sodium, which has the property to keep water in the body. You probably noticed that, having eaten on the night of a saltin, you wake up in the morning with swollen eyes and swollen face… This is the same water that was kept by the salt eaten yesterday.
But in addition to the morning problems with the face, you still get an excess of fluid in the bloodstream, which leads to an increase in blood pressure. About 30% of cases of primary hypertension are associated with an increased intake of sodium in the body.
Significantly increase the risk of arterial hypertension:
- Diabetes mellitus type 2,
- Chronic renal failure
- Liver disease
- And obesity.
Enemy for the prevention of hypertension - stress
Stress, or the corresponding reaction of the body to the strong influence of environmental factors, being a daily background, along with the listed chronic diseases, is also an important factor in the development of arterial hypertension.
Stomach hormone adrenaline makes the heart beat more often (all the familiar feeling!), At the same time a larger amount of blood is pumped over the unit time, because of which the pressure rises.
At constant stress, such a load is worn by the blood vessels, and the increase in blood pressure becomes chronic. Avoiding stress and stress management skills will greatly improve the general condition of not only a healthy person, but also those who stroke from high blood pressure.
High blood pressure is often called a quiet killer, because the asymptomatic course of the disease can last for many years. The only way to find out if your blood pressure is normal is to measure it.