In the autumn and winter, the incidence of colds increases sharply. Particularly unpleasant is a runny nose or cough, sometimes it's very difficult to work and do not pass. Cough happens different - dry and moist, and if dry cough cures faster and more actively, then many people do not give proper attention to moist cough, although this cough may sometimes point to the development of very serious pathologies up to pneumonia.
Cough - is a protective reaction of the organism to the introduction of pathogens and inflammation that occurs in response to the flow of impulses from the mucous membranes.
Why is a wet cough?
Usually, a wet cough occurs as a result of excessive mucus or sputum formation in the region of the upper or lower respiratory tract as a result of infectious and inflammatory processes.
Coughing, as a rule, is one of the symptoms, along with general malaise, sore throat, runny nose and fever, although it may be the only sign of the disease.
Most often, a cough occurs as a result of acute respiratory viral infections or acute or chronic rhinitis, sinusitis or adenoiditis. Usually such a cough appears in the morning after a dream, as a result of ingestion of mucus from the nasopharynx along the back wall of the pharynx.
A wet cough can be a symptom of chronic bronchitis in the stage of exacerbation with the withdrawal of mucous or purulent sputum, as well as one of the manifestations of pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs) as a result of the formation of inflammatory exudate and irritation of small bronchi.
Wet cough can be a symptom of more serious diseases - tuberculosis, lung abscess or tumor. Therefore, the persistent wet cough requires a doctor's consultation and a detailed examination.
Treatment of wet cough
Usually a wet cough is the result of the transition of dry painful cough into the productive stage when taking medications.
Wet cough more easily tolerated by patients, and should only effectively vidkashlyuvaty and rid the airways of mucus. But the transition of dry cough in the wet to let the process take its course should not - must conduct further therapeutic measures for the complete elimination of cough.
Wet cough treatment also requires that a large amount of mucus in the respiratory system and its excessive production may induce a state of "swamping" bronchi or lungs and sputum of infection - this leads to septic complications.
The correct technique for treating wet coughing will depend on the cause that caused the cough and other manifestations of the disease. Without effect on the very cause of coughing it is impossible to fully cure cough.
Thus, when the viral infection need of antiviral therapy, microbial - antibiotics to suppress microbial flora and the consequent inflammation.
In the treatment of the same cough as a symptom should facilitate the discharge of mucus that accumulates in the bronchi or lungs, and improve the overall condition of the patient, and if necessary a productive cough sputum - the use of that increase production of mucus and phlegm, which then should all fully vidkashlyaty. The best effect is achieved with a comprehensive effect on all causes of cough.
What to start treatment for wet cough
When coughing, in addition to drugs, important and common measures of influence, such as the reception of abundant alkaline drinking. This helps to make the sputum milder and helps it slip away more easily. Such drinks include degassed heat alkaline mineral water, warm milk with honey and oil, tea with raspberries or lemon, herbal teas, hipster decoction.
It is necessary to create a cool and damp air in the room - in hot dry premises there is dehydration of the mucous membranes and stimulation of coughing.
Necessary frequent ventilations, use of a humidifier or hanging of wet towels. In addition, it is important to have a full-fledged wet cleaning with the removal of dust and allergens that can provoke cough.
And at least for the time of illness it is worth abandoning smoking, including passive - tobacco smoke strongly irritates the bronchi and throat.
At the time of treatment, cough should be abandoned by a very cold, acute and irritating food.
But to lie in bed when treating a wet cough is not necessary - when wet cough is necessary to move and stimulate the flow of sputum, as a constant lying contributes to the stagnation of sputum and worse she cough. Excellent help in removing breathing exercises and singing vocal sounds.
Methods of treatment of wet cough
One of the methods of treating cough with poor thinning of thick sputum can be inhalation - use steam inhalation or nebuliser. As components of inhalation it is possible to use herbal decoctions, essential oils or soda solution, as well as medications on the advice of a doctor.
Steam inhalation should be carried out carefully, so as not to cause burns of mucous membranes and allergies (especially on essential oils).
In folk medicine, when coughing is used warming compresses on the chest, radish juice with honey or potato juice. The vibrating massage (patting and tapping on the chest cavity) and postural drainages (reception of certain provisions for sputum withdrawal) is very helpful for coughing.
But only folk medicine and general measures cough can not cure it is not always - then the drugs come from the pharmacy.
The use of medicines
In the treatment of wet cough, the use of drugs for suppressing the cough reflex (codec, sinecode) is prohibited, moreover - drugs for stimulating coughing are shown.
Drugs prescribed for wet cough have mucolytic, sputtering effect and expectorant properties.
Usually doctors are trying to prescribe cough preparations that have less side effects - herbion, licorice root, plantain, mother-and-stepmother.
Among expectorant drugs are used preparations of reflex action, which help with irritation of cough receptors - altea, licorice root, essential oils, and preparations of resorptive action - potassium iodide and sodium, sodium bicarbonate.
To make sputum easier and faster to go away, prescribe mucolytic and mucorage preparations - they normalize the viscosity and amount of sputum in the bronchi and lungs. These include carboticosin, ACCs, ambroxol and bromhexine.
When allergic cough is used antihistamines and drugs for bronchial enlargement with their spasm. Combined drugs with mucosorbital, anti-inflammatory and other effects can be used.
A specific drug will be advised by a doctor - self-medication should not be taken when coughing!