It is important for all to know and remember that the care of your family, and especially the older people who are most often ill with Parkinson, largely depend on the care and care of close people.
Parkinson's disease refers to chronic diseases, in which the neurons of the black matter of the middle brain and other parts of the nervous system are destroyed. This disease begins to develop and progress when the defect of the neurotransmitter of dopamine is detected.
Surprisingly, but the symptoms of Parkinson's disease were described several thousand years ago - the chroniclers left information about one of the Egyptian pharaohs, who had identified Parkinson's - a tremor of hands and restrictions in motion. Already in the last century, in 1817, the English physician James Parkinson published a work that described in detail the symptoms of the disease, which, later on the suggestion of the French neurologist Jean Charko began to be called Parkinson's disease.
To date, Parkinson's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases after Alzheimer's disease. According to statistics, this disease is detected in 60-140 patients per 100,000 population. Older people are more likely to suffer from this disease and are more likely to be men than women.
One of the first signs of Parkinson's disease is an intense tremor of the hands. In this case, the patient begins to experience some difficulties in performing elemental domestic actions: tied laces, cigarette smoking, eating. At the end of the time when the disease progresses, the tremor becomes more pronounced and the person is no longer able to exist without the help of others - it is difficult for him to walk, he loses coordination of movements, and the move becomes "dragged".
Experienced experts diagnose Parkinson's disease, even on the look of a patient who has a unique turn. Also, with the disease, the following symptoms begin to occur:
- Abnormal speech and swallowing;
- Lack of motivation;
- Loss of control over the condition of his body;
- Disturbance in the work of smooth muscle, resulting in problems with bowel movements and urination.
But the latest research by scientists from the University of Copenhagen has shown that Parkinson's disease can be detected in 8 years before the first symptoms appear. It turned out that the earliest sign of parkinsonism can be considered a certain motor activity in the phase of fast sleep. It is important to know that when a person dreams, then only the muscles of the eye move, while all other muscles are resting. In case of the onset of Parkinson's disease, muscle cramps of the extremities, screams and other activity may be observed.