Herpes is a serious and sometimes dangerous disease in children up to one year, usually caused by a herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2 as a result of infection by a mother or family members. Symptoms of herpes in children are typical, but are more pronounced and the localization is more extensive.
When lesions of the mucous membrane of the mouth and gums, the disease proceeds in the form of stomatitis or gingivitis. On the inflamed areas of the mucous membrane there are bubbles with serous fluid, which spread rapidly throughout the oral cavity. The child raises the high temperature to 40 degrees, there is intoxication, because of pain in his mouth, he refuses to eat. In 1-2 days, the blisters burst and in their place are formed even more painful ulcers, sometimes large size because of merged bubbles. Possible bad breath. Infection may cover not only the scab, gums, heavens, tongue, but also palatine tonsils, oropharynx, thereby causing laryngotracheitis. If the infection goes on and affects the internal organs of a child, it becomes a threat to his life.
Herpes on the child's body may appear anywhere: on the trunk, neck and ears, on the limbs. Before the rash of the blister there is a consolidation, itching, burning, sometimes pain. If bubbles with a clear liquid pours slightly, then the general condition does not suffer. When common multiple rashes appear, the head and muscle pain, weakness, temperature, chills, and enlarged lymph nodes and liver. Transparent gray liquid in the bubbles is cloudy in a day or two, and they burst, wounds emanate, in their place crust forms, which then heal for 1-2 weeks.
On the place of settled crusts often there are pigmented areas and scars. Herpes on the stomach is sometimes complicated by the infection that has joined. This is because the stomach is involved in breathing, it is very mobile, as a result there are cracks in the healing cells and they get microbes.
Each mother should know how to deal with herpes in children in order to preserve their health and life. The most reliable way to keep a child from getting infected. A future mother must comply with all prescriptions of doctors to prevent intrauterine infection, during childbirth or in the first year of a child's life. Further, the entire family should adhere to hygiene and teach this baby.
If the infection has occurred, you should immediately consult a doctor. Proven herpes zoster in children acyclovir. It is used in nursing practice in the form of injections, infusions, tablets and ointments. The calculation of the dose and the course of treatment depends on the severity of the disease, children under two years of age prescribed half a dose for adults, that is 100 mg 5 times a day, the newborn is administered at the rate of 10 mg/kg every 8 hours. The usual course of treatment is 5 days, if necessary, 10 days.
The ointment is applied to the cells 5 times a day, eye ointment is laid down for the eyelids, too, 5 times a day. It is important to observe a uniform interval of applying ointment to the cells every 4 hours (except for the night-8 hours), this is a necessary condition for suppressing the virus.