How dangerous is chicken pox in adults?

Dangers Of Adult Chicken Pox (Health And Medical Video June 2018).

Infant in adults (chicken pox) - an acute viral infection, which is accompanied by intoxication of the body and the defeat of the epithelium of the mucous membranes and skin in the form of a characteristic rash.

The causative agent of the disease is a virus, quickly dying under the influence of sunlight, heating, ultraviolet radiation, that is, is not stable in the environment. The source of the disease can be only a sick person, representing the danger of the first 5-7 days since the onset of a characteristic rash and during the last 10 days of the incubation period.

The mechanism of transmission of infection is aerosol or, in other words, air-drip. When talking and sneezing, a sick person makes a huge amount of viruses in the environment. With the air flow, the pathogen is easily transported over long distances, spreads over the room, apartment, but quickly dies due to its instability in the external environment.

Symptoms of chicken pox in adults

The wind is manifested by characteristic symptoms - headache, malaise, loss of appetite, and increased excitability. In adult patients, there is often an increase in body temperature, which is accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The incubation period usually lasts from one to three weeks.

The clinic usually begins with the onset of rash, but sometimes the symptoms of the disease may develop unexpectedly, against the background of general well-being. Increases intoxication and increases in body temperature. In adults, rash may appear much later than the onset of the disease, symptoms of intoxication are more pronounced, resulting in prolonged fever.

The rash often acts on the face, neck, scalp, on the surface of the trunk and extremities, excluding the skin of palms and soles. Exanthema (skin rash) can be randomly distributed on any parts of the body.

Initially, small red spots are formed on the skin, which, after several hours, turn into watery bubbles (papules) that pass into vesicles (wet ulcers). The whole process is accompanied by a strong itching in addition to chills and heat. On the spot vesicles quickly formed wrinkled crumbles. New rashes and the process of healing the old rash occur simultaneously, so different stages of rash can be observed on one and the same skin area.

Wet ulcers, or vesicles, can contract and turn into so-called pustules. At the same time there is a general deterioration of the patient's condition. In the center of the pustules often formed characteristic inclination - vyspina. After the collapse of the crust in their place remain small scars. An adult rash extends longer and keeps longer, the crust dries and breaks out much longer. And, most often, scars remain on the spot.

Along with the typical forms of chicken pox, there are eroded forms that can occur without clinical manifestations. Such forms of the disease are considered to be difficult. These include:

  • The bullous form is a concomitant severe disease that develops only in adult patients. It is characterized by the formation of large, flaky blisters on the skin that turn into ulcers that are lacerically healing.
  • Hemorrhagic form - is observed in patients with hemorrhagic diathesis. Typical for her is the appearance of vesicles with blood contents, development of hematuria, nasal bleeding. Patients have hemorrhages on the skin.
  • Gangrenous form - occurs in attenuated patients, proceeds against the background of a rapid increase in vesicles in size and the transformation of their content in the hemorrhagic form. After drying of the ulcers, black peels are formed that have a fiery rim.

Wind pox can lead to serious complications associated with the effects of the virus and the reaction of the organism to it, such as chickenpox, laryngitis, tracheitis, encephalitis, meningitis.

Also, deep lesions of the epidermis of the skin are possible with the formation of noticeable scarring. In the spread of chickenpox, such complications of the disease as nephritis, hepatitis, myocarditis, arthritis can occur. It is also possible the secondary attachment of bacterial flora and purulent inflammation.

Treatment of chicken pox in adults

In most cases, the diagnosis of chicken pox does not make it difficult due to the special morphology of rashes and a characteristic manifestation of the clinical picture. Exceptions are atypical forms. The most informative way of confirming the diagnosis is the electron microscopy of the virus by means of a biopsy taken from a diseased person from the affected area.

Treatment of chicken pox is usually symptomatic. At elevated body temperature, it is prescribed antipyretics based on ibuprofen and paracetamol. To reduce or relieve itching prescribe antihistamines. In some cases, the appointment of antiviral drugs and interferons is indicated. With abundant appearance of pustules and with the development of other complications of chicken pox, antibiotics are prescribed.

For the entire period of the disease, while the fever lasts, the recommended bed and breakworn regime, abundant drinking and full nutrition.

Of particular importance is the regular hygiene of the skin and mucous membranes, in order to prevent the development of secondary purulent infection. Rashes are treated with a solution of diamond greens or other preparations with antimicrobial and antispasmodic properties.

Treatment of chicken pox in adults should only be carried out under the supervision of a doctor, self-medication is strictly prohibited, since various drugs may be prescribed for different forms of the disease.

Vaccination from chicken pox for grown up

A child-transmitted disease usually gives a lasting immunity to life. But for persons who have not become sick in childhood, and for those who are at risk for the development of severe forms of illness, there is a possibility of vaccine prophylaxis. On the territory of Ukraine, the officially registered vaccines "Varillix" and "Okawax".

The chickenpox vaccine forms a stable and prolonged immunity in the human body. Suitable for both scheduled and emergency vaccination. If the vaccine is introduced in the first 72 hours after the first contact with the patient, the protection against infection is guaranteed by almost 100%.

No side effects or serious complications with vaccination have been reported, therefore these drugs can be used in people with impaired immunity or severe chronic diseases.

How dangerous is chicken pox in adults?

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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