"Hormone of Love", oxytocin, is responsible for establishing close ties. But he also helps lie for the sake of common good, says the study. Oxytocin works both as a hormone and as a neurotransmitter. If a person has a high oxytocin level, she shows sympathy and believes in others. She has lowered social anxiety rates and less reaction to fear.
But oxytocin is capable of stimulating aggression as a protection mechanism. The University of Ben-Gurion and the University of Amsterdam decided to investigate ethical decision-making and mechanisms of lie. An experiment was conducted with the participation of 60 men. They were given either oxytocin or placebo. Then volunteers were divided into groups of three people, reports Medical News Today.
It was necessary to guess, there will be an "eagle" or "reshka" in 10 throws of a coin. If a person correctly guessed, then it brought more money to her team. And the money was shared between the members of the group. But one had to report on the result of the throw itself. And people more often lied if they were taking oxytocin. In the control group 23% guessed 9 out of 10 throws. In the group with oxytocin - 53%. It is statistically possible to guess such number of throws in 1% of cases. Therefore, the results of the main group say that its members lied. And they lied twice as often.
Since oxytocin is responsible for communicating with the group, it is probably a lie that was for the benefit. That is, she was not immoral in terms of protecting the interests of the group.
An independent study showed that insufficient oxytocin levels are due to narcotic and alcohol dependencies, and an elevated hormone level can cause emotional hypersensitivity.