Hiccups, as a rule, arise in healthy people for no apparent reason and is a harmless, rapidly stopping phenomenon. However, exceptions are possible.
Hiccupa is an involuntary physiological reaction, in which convulsive throat-shaped contractions of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles immitate a forced breath.
These subjectively unpleasant, short and intense respiratory movements are accompanied by a characteristic sound that appears as a result of the sudden closing of the airways through the epiglottis: the air flow overlaps and causes the sound of the hiccups.
As a rule, the hiccup is short-lived, often occurs after eating or drinking alcohol and goes on its own.
Causes of Hiccups in Newborns
Hiccups in newborns and infants are a frequent phenomenon and in no way indicates any pathology or disease. It does not pose any danger to the baby and usually appears shortly after feeding. Another possible cause of hiccups in infants is overcooling. The hiccup itself does not cause anxiety in the child.
To stop the hiccups, pediatricians recommend giving a child a few teaspoons of warm boiled water or warm the baby: cover with a blanket, put on warm socks.
The causes of hiccups in adults
In adults, rare and prolonged hiccup attacks can occur with general cooling, in case of overeating (overflow of the stomach with food), as well as irritation of the diaphragmatic nerve.
Another reason for hiccups is the combination of greasy or spicy foods with sparkling drinks. Bubbles of gas stuck in the stomach in the aerated drinks and act on sphincter as well as overeating.
Alcohol abuse also causes hacking attacks. After the food is digested, alcohol is absorbed into the blood, that is, the cause of the hiccup disappears, it passes.
In a state of excitement, the inability to cope with emotions or excessive nervous tension occurs psychogenic hiccup.
Chronic Hiccup and Its Causes
A long-lasting hiccup, like repetitive, long-lasting hiccup attacks, should be considered chronic. There have been cases where hiccups have persecuted humans for many months or even years. Chronic hiccups can relieve sleep, the ability to eat well and leads to severe depression.
For prolonged exhausting hiccups, be sure to consult a doctor and examine. Long-term hiccups can be caused by damage to the central nervous system (eg, encephalitis), metabolic disorders (with diabetic, uremic or hepatic coma, chronic renal insufficiency), alcohol or drug poisoning.
Hiccups can be a symptom of a tumor of the neck, mediastinum, esophagus or lungs, as well as lymphomas and many other serious illnesses.
How to get rid of hiccups
There are many folk remedies for hacking: drink water from the opposite side of the glass, hold your breath, breathe in the pack.
The effective way is to drink a "bull": lay your hands behind your back and ask someone to take you some distance, so that you have to pull the neck forward like a bull. Due to stretching, the pressure on the vagus nerve in the apex of the esophagus decreases and the hiccups stop.