Specialists in the field of medicine distinguish two types of nosology of hernia stomach: external and internal. In the external form of the hernia, the abdominal organs penetrate the weak areas of the diaphragm, which are located along the anterior wall. When the internal form of the disease is the zone of penetration is directly diaphragmatic hole.
It is difficult to determine the presence of a hernia by clinical examination. For accurate diagnostics gastrography, endoscopy, computer tomography are used.
Hernia of the stomach is a protrusion of the stomach inside the chest and is quite rare. The formation of a hernia occurs when the muscle fibers of the diaphragm weaken, with an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, as well as to provoke this pathology may be hereditary predisposition. Doctors are inclined to argue that the causes of the disease can, at various stages, under different circumstances, be chronic constipation, bowel bloating, lifting of heavy things, blunt trauma in the abdomen.
It negatively affects health and can accelerate the appearance of hernia, frequent abundant overeating - because of this there is stretching of the gastric wall, increasing pressure on the diaphragm. Another of the negative factors is the abuse of alcohol, which results in damage to the gastric epithelium due to chronic blood supply disruption. And smoking in turn affects all internal organs, provokes peptic ulcer, pancreatitis.
The most striking clinical symptom of the disease is gastro-oesophageal reflux, when there is a cataract of stomach contents in the esophagus. At the same time in some patients after eating, there is a heartburn, bloating with acid; The severity of the epigastrium.
The launched form of pathology leads to the appearance of a "ball in the throat". To the later symptoms of hernia is the respiratory tract, cardiac contractions.
It is worth knowing that from a medical point of view hernia is an organic pathology, therefore etiologic treatment is impossible without operative interference with diaphragmatic defect. To begin, doctors tend to curb pain, eliminate pathological symptoms, eliminate gastro-esophageal reflux.
There are two regimens for treating hernia: gradually increasing and gradually decreasing. In the first version, it is strongly recommended to start a healthy lifestyle, to adhere to the prescribed diet, to take analgesics or antacids. In this case, the drugs are introduced gradually. If necessary, their dosage is increased. But the second scheme of phased reduction supposes achievement of clinical stability of the patient's condition. Then supportive therapy is performed.