Hearts: how it is useful

Will It Become Useful? - Kingdom Hearts Union X (Health And Medical Video July 2018).

Information obtained by ultrasound of the heart (echocardiography) helps the physician correctly diagnose.

Cardiac ultrasound, or electrocardiography, is the most important modern method of examination of patients with cardiological profile. Doctors highly value it for accessibility, ease of carrying out, high informative and the possibility of repeated studies to monitor the patient's condition after surgical treatment, as well as to assess the effectiveness of the therapy.

Ultrasound of the heart is painless and completely harmless, does not require special preparation of the patient for research. Therefore, it began to be used often in pediatrics, and in the medical examination, and in case of routine examination of patients.

How is ultrasound of heart

As a rule, the duration of echocardiography does not exceed 20-30 minutes, including the process of recording the entire course of the study (with the technical capabilities of the equipment) on a CD/DVD or other information carrier.

This allows the physician to monitor the dynamics of the processes occurring in the cardiovascular system of the patient, for example before and after the surgery, after various therapies, etc.

After performing the heart rate ultrasound for a few minutes, the doctor gives an opinion on the changes discovered during the study.

What information can be obtained when conducting heart ultrasound

Echocardiography, as well as other methods of ultrasound, is carried out in real time. And an additional use of such a method as dopplerography, allows to see in the color the movement of blood in the chambers of the heart and blood vessels, reducing their walls, the movement of valves.

When conducting a study, the doctor repeatedly measures the different parts of the heart, the thickness of their walls, the rate of blood flow in them and the volume of circulating blood, as well as a number of other important biometric indicators.

This makes it possible to detect the initial signs of heart failure, to evaluate the contractile capacity of the myocardium (heart muscle), to detect a violation of the functioning of the valve apparatus and other changes.

The ultrasound of the heart allows you to accurately diagnose and timely appoint a patient to treat, which will prevent further progression of the disease, especially when involved in the process of myocardium, the formation of cicatricial changes in it, as well as in cases of suspected infarction, developmental defects and other serious pathology.

In addition, when conducting ultrasound of the heart, the doctor examines the organs and structures surrounding the heart, its outer envelope - pericardium, as well as the presence (or absence) of fluid in its cavity, which is an important diagnostic sign of a number of diseases.

In some cases, for the study of the functional capabilities of the heart, echocardiography is performed at rest and after the metered exercise. The most commonly used bicycle ergometry and other specially designed tests.

In which cases it is shown the ultrasound of the heart

  • Suspicion of congenital or acquired heart defects;
  • Diseases of the heart and blood vessels (myocarditis, endocarditis, pericarditis, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, etc.);
  • Diseases that are accompanied by involvement in the heart (for example, rheumatism, chronic diseases of the lungs and mediastinum, peripheral vascular disease, blood system, chronic liver disease with the phenomenon of portal hypertension, etc.);
  • Found in other studies pathology of the cardiovascular system (for example, during fluorography, during ECG, with doppler aorta and its branches, etc.);
  • Suspicion of complications (for example, thrombosis of large vessels) in the postoperative period, with thrombophlebitis of the veins of the lower extremities, increase in pulmonary heart failure, etc.);
  • Conducting advanced preventive medical examinations.

As a rule, cardiovascular studies are currently being conducted on expert-class machines, many of them have the ability to conduct 3D scanning (3D-4D ™), which makes them irreplaceable not only in the diagnosis of pathological changes in adults, but also in Small children, and even during the fetal development of the fetus.

Hearts: how it is useful

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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