Acute gastritis is inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach, accompanied by severe pain. Quite often, the disease develops on the background of malnutrition, the adverse effects of certain drugs (bromides, antibiotics, salicylates, etc.), food allergies and food toxic infections. In addition, problems in the functioning of the metabolism and the burns of the gastric mucosa can contribute to the onset of acute gastritis. One more reason, although more rare, is the high level radiation damage.
Acute gastritis is manifested in the form of damage to the glandular apparatus of the gastric mucosa and of the surface epithelium. Moreover, the inflammatory process or extends to the entire thickness of the mucous membrane, affecting the muscular layer, or affects only the superficial epithelium.
Symptoms of acute gastritis
Among the main symptoms doctors distinguish the following:
- Feeling of heaviness and fullness in the epigastric region;
- Pallor of the skin and mucous membranes that can be seen;
- White-gray plaque on the tongue;
- Salivation or, conversely, dryness in the oral cavity;
- Touches in the stomach cause pain.
If you tackle the issue of "how to cure acute gastritis?" Timely, the treatment will give positive results. In the absence of the necessary treatment, acute gastritis may become chronic.
Talk about the clinical picture of the disease is possible only on the basis of the current factor, the duration of its effects and the body's response. Usually, the first clinical symptoms begin to bother the patient in just six to twelve hours after the stimulus.
If you are confronted with several of these symptoms, you need to undergo a diagnosis of acute gastritis, which will guarantee accurate results.
Diagnosis of acute gastritis
As a rule, the diagnosis of "acute gastritis" is put after the study of clinical manifestations and anamnesis. The latter plays a big role in qualitative diagnosis, as it happens that acute gastritis is manifested immediately by several people.
Typically, for the diagnosis of acute gastritis, carry out:
- Bacteriological analysis of cells from healthy and infected parts of the stomach;
- blood test;
Based on the study of gastric secretion, one can judge which problems are present in the functioning of the main functions of the stomach. Sometimes it is useful to have a chest X-ray and digestive tract.
In any case, only a doctor has the right to put a definitive diagnosis. After diagnosis the most optimal treatment scheme for each particular patient is developed.
Before starting treatment for acute gastritis, specialists recommend cleansing the intestine and stomach. In the situation with the infectious etiology of gastritis prescribed antibacterial drugs and absorbing substances: kaolin, activated charcoal and others.
Antihistamines provide a good effect in acute allergic gastritis. A pronounced pain syndrome involves the use of antispasmodics and cholinolytic drugs.
Also, you need proper nutrition. In particular, in the first one or two days it is necessary to completely abandon food, however, it is not forbidden to drink strong tea. On the 2nd and 3rd day the patient can afford porridge from semolina and rice, low-fat broth, jelly. After about 10 days, the patient may return to normal eating.
The attack of acute gastritis can be facilitated by gastric lavage with a solution of baking soda or mineral water. Cleansing the stomach is through a special enema, or taking a laxative drug.
It is useful to put a warm compress or warm warmer in the stomach area and last a bed rest for 2, 3 days.
If the symptoms continue to disturb, a specialist - a gastroenterologist - needs help.
In critical cases, the patient can be placed in a hospital, whereas in a mild form of the disease ambulatory treatment is acceptable. However, in this case, everything should be under strict control of the physician.
In the first place, it is important to get rid of bad habits - smoking and drinking alcohol, as well as unnecessarily hot food and one that is difficult to digest. Fried foods and spicy seasonings should also be completely excluded from the diet.
Refusal from all of the above will prevent the development of acute gastritis, chronic gastritis and stomach ulcers. Therefore, you must adhere to the proper diet, as well as to strive to adhere to all rules of hygiene. In this case, the prevention will provide the expected effect and reduce the risk of acute gastritis.
Diet for acute gastritis
A good sign is the return of a healthy appetite. This can be interpreted as the fact that the patient really began to recover. However, in the coming days, he has a lot of limitations. In no case should we forget that food should not irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach.
In this connection, only cooked dishes should be consumed in food, or cooked in steam, in the cleared form and without adding seasonings.
To begin with, it is important to start a diet using rice and oatmeal soups, liquid porridges: oatmeal, semolina porridge, grated buckwheat. If you want meat or fish dishes, they should be cooked in a special way, being missed through a meat grinder or a blender.
Patients are allowed to drink milk, eat non-swollen eggs and steam soufflé from wiped cheese. Favorable influence will be given to jellyfish from fruits and berries, as well as broth of wild rose.
You can not eat sour-milk products, yoghurts, simple cheese, sour cream, cheese, bakery products and pastries. It is forbidden to drink carbonated drinks, kvass, coffee, cocoa.
To eat during a diet it is necessary about six times a day with intervals in two-three hours. The portions should be small. After about six to six days the patient's diet can be changed, expanding, and after fourteen days to complete the diet.