Of course, the most common superficial gastritis is the precursor of other, more complex forms of gastritis, and it can be called the first stage. Although it will be a conventional name, because gastritis does not have a clear "stage" of development.
The only regularity follows (like everywhere): from simple to complex, from light to heavy. It's clear to everyone that if not treated - it will be worse.
Surface gastritis is inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach without damage to its integrity, which is accompanied by a violation of digestive functions. Primary superficial gastritis can be cured without a trace. With repeated inflammations, surface gastritis becomes chronic and is itself recurrent.
If chronic gastritis is not treated or treated incorrectly, it gets further development, the inflammatory process extends to new areas of the mucous membrane and into the submucosal layer, the physiological regeneration (recovery) of damaged cells slows down, there are atrophic changes in the glands. Atrophy is a loss of normal function with the replacement of glandular cells with non-functional cells of the connective tissue. As a result, the progression of the secretory and motor functions of the stomach, the more distorted digestive process, is formed atrophic gastritis.
Progression to atrophic changes is often facilitated by the gelatinous Helikobacter pylori bacteria. She first settled in the antral department of the stomach, where the acidity of the environment is lower, and even more zakhalachivaet him. Next, the reflex acts, the acid content of the stomach, is insufficiently processed, accelerates into the duodenal gut and it is acidified, irritates its walls, which leads to duodenitis. And the bacterium resides in the duodenum and spreads in the body of the stomach.
At the first stage of annealing of the antral section there is a reflex increase in gastric secretion. Further, it may decrease due to the progressive atrophy of the glandular apparatus of the stomach. When the secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach decreases, the pain syndrome weakens and becomes flooded, depending on the nature and volume of food. At the forefront are dyspeptic phenomena: nausea, biting food and bitterness in the mouth, loss of appetite, flatulence, unstable fecundity. Characteristic is the appearance of aversion to some types of food.
Such patients are thin, pale, they often have anemia (low hemoglobin) and hypovitaminosis. Nothing surprising, because of poor digestion, the body loses its nutrients. Toxins are also poorly removed, and they are formed much more than a healthy person, so the body is constantly poisoned by them (intoxication). Because of intoxication, asthenic syndrome develops: emotional instability, irritability, fatigue and exhaustion with physical or mental stress.
We have considered the consistent development of chronic gastritis as a pathological process, although in reality everything can take place differently. In official medicine, the stages of gastritis are considered as periods of one chronic disease: exacerbation, incomplete remission, remission. Remission is called a period of time in which there are no manifestations of the disease.
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