It's no secret that most people are afraid to visit a dentist. And this is not surprising: before the treatment of teeth was always accompanied by unbearable pain. However, at present, dentistry has effective anesthetic methods, also called "freezing of the tooth".
There is a special term "dentistry" in medical science, which means the fear of dental treatment. Similar fears affect up to 84% of patients. That is why modern dentistry devotes so much attention to the problem of effective dental frost. Currently, these methods of analgesia are used, such as general and local anesthesia, due to which the treatment of teeth becomes absolutely comfortable procedure.
Treatment of teeth under general anesthesia
General anesthesia (anesthesia) is rarely used in dental practice. Frequently the usual freezing of the tooth is used. General anesthesia is only used if there is to be a serious work on the teeth. The action of anesthesia lasts about 6 hours, all this time the patient is unconscious.
The use of general anesthesia for anesthesia in the treatment of teeth has some advantages:
- Tooth extraction or other procedures can be done immediately in one measure. You do not need to go back to the dentist for further training;
- Treatment of teeth under general anesthesia is absolutely painless. In addition, the chance of getting into the wound of any infection decreases;
- When treating teeth under general anesthesia, substances that block the formation of saliva are used.
However, the use of anesthesia has many contraindications: mental imbalance of the patient, intolerance of anesthetics, allergic reactions. Therefore, the main method of anesthesia in the treatment of teeth in dentistry is local anesthesia.
Freezing of the tooth, or local anesthesia
This method of pain relief is simple, so it is often used by dentists. To date, freeze-dried teeth are used for effective and safe articaine-based anesthetics. Artiquain is 5 times higher than novocaine due to its analgesic effect. There are 2 types of local anesthetic teeth:
- Application anesthesia - superficial anesthesia of the upper tissues. Anesthetic is applied to the gum in the form of a gel or a spray. This type of local anesthesia is used when getting rid of dental stones, removing shabby teeth;
- Infiltration anesthesia is an injection into the gum that is familiar to each patient. After 3 minutes, such a prick freezes the tooth, after which it is possible to begin treatment. Such anesthetic affects the deep layers of tissues.
Only a specialist is able to give advice when choosing anesthesia. In this case, it is important to inform the doctor before allergy, chronic diseases or personal intolerance of any medicine before the onset of treatment, in order to avoid complications.