Flux - purulent, inflammatory process in the tissues surrounding the tooth. It can occur as an independent disease and as a complication of any dental manipulation, often associated with the removal of teeth.
Quite often, the removal of the tooth may end with the development of various kinds of complications. Therefore, dentists try to resort to tooth extraction only in those cases when cured tooth is no longer possible.
Causes of flux development
The appearance of flux is due to several main factors. Mostly:
- Injuries to the soft tissues of the cavity of the mouth;
- Infections during or after surgery;
- The error of the treatment, for example, if the fragment of the tooth remains in the well;
- Improper care of the wound formed.
Flux is one of the frequent complications after tooth extraction: there is an acute process of inflammation in the tissue of the periosteum (periostitis) and the spread of pus on the tissue surrounding the tooth.
Usually, the first manifestations of flux develop within a short period of time after a tooth extraction dentist, that is, within 1-3 days.
The main symptoms of flux
- Pain from the tooth removed. Pain syndrome is of varying intensity, depending on the form and strength of the inflammatory process. The pain intensifies when pushed into the affected area and may interfere with normal eating.
- Strong swelling from the side of inflammation. After tooth extraction, a small swelling at the site of treatment is a common reaction of the body to damage the tissues. However, if the swelling persists for more than three days, increases and is accompanied by the appearance of other symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.
- An increase in body temperature, mainly due to intoxication of the body and its response to the inflammatory process.
- The appearance of an unpleasant rotting odor from the mouth.
Prevention of flux after tooth extraction
The basis of prophylaxis of flux and other complications after extraction of a tooth-correct care for the left after a torn tooth.
In the hole of the tooth there is a blood clot that prevents the pathogenic microorganisms from entering the tissue and serves as the basis for wound healing. You need to ensure that this clot remains in the wound, in no case can be removed by yourself.
In addition, careful observance of the basic rules of hygiene of the oral cavity must be taken. Brush your teeth with a soft brush so that you do not injure tissue again.
It is desirable for two days after the operation to exclude smoking, do not eat solid food, do not allow overcooling of the body. It is imperative that local antibiotics are prescribed or prescribed by a physician.
Treatment of flux after tooth extraction
If the flux appeared, then first of all you need to go to the doctor, as it will not cure it alone, it can only worsen the condition and provoke further complications and the transition of the inflammatory process to other tissues of the head and neck.
Treatment of flux may be conservative, with a small inflammation, the possible appointment of local antibiotics or general antibiotics.
When severe suppuration, surgical intervention is necessary to remove manure. Under anesthesia, a cut occurs in the place of abscess, pus is washed out, and the rest of the cavity is treated with antiseptic means. Sometimes it is necessary to install drainage to ensure a further outflow of purulent content.
After the patient is also prescribed antibiotics to prevent further development of inflammation.
It is important to remember that in flux, in no case can:
- Any way to warm the place of inflammation - this can increase the intensity of the inflammatory process, contractions of any compresses, bandages on the affected area, rubbing, hot rinsing and the like;
- It is not possible to take antibiotics without the appointment of a physician, since microorganisms can adapt to their action, and subsequently appointed medication treatment will be ineffective;
- A couple of hours before the visit to the doctor it is necessary to stop the administration of anesthetics - their analgesic effect may prevent the physician correctly estimate the prevalence and intensity of the inflammatory process;
- Do not take aspirin, its analgesic effect is small, and in the event that the doctor will conduct surgical treatment of suppuration, he can provoke bleeding.