Food poisoning is most common. What signs can tell about a human being poisoning?
Poisoning is a pathological condition caused by the action on the body of various toxins and its response to them.
Causes of food poisoning
The cause of food poisoning is usually a violation of the sanitary and hygienic rules of food storage and consumption of products with expired shelf life, as well as the insemination of food with bacteria or bacterial spores during the transportation and cooking.
Food poisoning can have a bacterial and non-bacterial nature. Often toxicogenic bacterial-causing causes of salmonella, conditionally pathogenic microorganisms (E. coli and protium), staphylococci. Such poisonings include such a dangerous disease as botulism - intoxication with botulinum toxin.
From non-bacterial poisoning there are intoxication with salts of heavy metals, pesticides, inedible mushrooms, plants and berries.
Usually, when poisoning, the first symptoms appear sharply, due to a small interval of time (usually 30-40 minutes) after receiving poor-quality food or poisonous substances.
The first signs of food poisoning
It is possible to name several first signs of poisoning, which for all types of intoxication, as a rule, are the same:
- General disorder, sharp weakness, nausea;
- The appearance of vomiting, which often significantly eases the condition of the patient;
- Feeling of pain, abdominal dislocation;
- Liquid frequent chair, sometimes with mucus or blood;
- Body temperature may increase.
Separately it is worth considering the symptoms of botulism, since this disease requires immediate treatment of a doctor. If poisoning is caused by botulinum toxin, then there arise:
- Signs of lesion of the nervous system;
- The patient feels lower in body temperature;
- The phenomenon of paralysis of the respiratory muscles develops, breathing becomes more difficult;
- Swallowing is violated;
- The pupils are enlarged;
- Possible paralysis of the facial muscles.
When these symptoms occur, you should immediately call an ambulance.
First aid for poisoning
The first thing that needs to be addressed when providing help with intoxication is the rapid removal of toxins from the body.
It is necessary to rinse the stomach: drink plenty of boiled water and cause vomiting. The absorption of sorbents, for example activated charcoal, is of great help. Diarrhea and vomiting show abundant drinking to prevent the development of dehydration. Then you must necessarily call the doctor so that he can assess the condition of the victim and, if necessary, decide on the issue of his hospitalization and further assistance in the hospital.
Prevention of poisoning
In order to avoid poisoning, it is necessary to adhere to several simple rules.
- You should not consume food if you are not sure about their freshness and quality, especially the products of animal origin and various preserves. It is in meat and eggs that sick birds can be salmonella, and improperly prepared canned foods are the main source of botulinum toxin.
- It is necessary to adhere to sanitary and hygienic norms in the storage of products and in the process of cooking, in order to prevent the introduction of it and the further reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.
- It is necessary to observe personal hygiene, cleanliness in places where food is located, food should be sufficiently heat-treated, vegetables and fruits should be thoroughly washed under running water.
- When using pesticides and household chemicals, it is not possible to allow them to come into contact with foods consumed in food, where they should be stored where they are not accessible to children.
- Do not eat yourself and do not give children unfamiliar berries, plants and mushrooms.