Features of the regime with type 1 diabetes

Diabetes Symptoms - Diabetes Type 2 And Diabetes Type 1 (Health And Medical Video July 2018).

Compliance with certain rules in everyday life can significantly reduce the risk of severe complications in patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.

Type 1 diabetes is a disease that is based on the destruction of insulin-producing cells of the pancreas, causing a violation of the synthesis of insulin.

This can lead to infection, stress, damage to the autoimmune nature, and does not exclude hereditary predisposition. The disease develops predominantly in children and young people.

Due to lack of insulin, the body loses the ability to dispose of carbohydrates. Glucose accumulates in the blood, but the body still experiences an energy hunger and begins to use fats as a source of energy.

As a result, ketones are formed that act toxicly on the nervous system and cause coma development. This is why it is so important to maintain a level of insulin at a constant level.

Characteristic symptoms of diabetes

The disease usually begins suddenly. Appear complaints of thirst and frequent urination. There is an increased appetite, but at the same time the patient does not gain weight, but, on the contrary, is thin.

If the disease was not recognized at this stage, then possible development of ketoacidosis, accompanied by nausea and vomiting, and then - coma.

The importance of the mode of day in the life of a patient with type 1 diabetes

Since the disease begins most often in childhood, it is important to teach the child some rules. They can play a decisive role not only for their health, but also for life.

First of all it concerns regular injections of insulin. From the onset of the disease, they become an integral part of the child's life. The modern pharmaceutical industry produces convenient forms of insulin in the form of syringe pens, which are easy to use.

The insulin dose is determined by the doctor. It can vary depending on the presence of infectious diseases, physical activity, etc. Injections are performed subcutaneously. It is desirable for them to alternate and do not stomach the drug in one and the same area more often twice a month.

Another important point is the regular monitoring of blood glucose levels. As a rule, it is checked several times a day, necessarily before every major meal, before going to bed and doing sports.

For this purpose, portable glucometers or test strips are used. A special device is injected to a drop of blood on the side surface of the finger pad. A drop of blood is placed on a test strip, after which you can determine the blood sugar level.

When the required dose of insulin is exceeded, a hypoglycemic condition develops. The patient feels lethargy, weakness, throws him into a cold sweat. Such an attack quickly turns off sweet candy, a glass of tea or a piece of bread.

A diabetes suffer should observe strict mode of the day. Physical and mental load, receptions of food, rest should be carried out whenever possible at the same time. At least two days a week you need to devote exclusively to rest.

Mandatory diet with the exception of a diet of sugar-containing products, sausages, canned food, smoked meat, alcohol. In limited quantities, you can eat sweet varieties of fruit (except grapes), potatoes, breads, and groats.

Sporting without excessive force is very useful, because it helps to reduce the need for insulin.

Diabetes mellitus - an insidious disease that is dangerous for its complications. Because of pathologies of peripheral nerves and vessels in patients, often the longest do not heal even the smallest wounds. In severe cases, a so-called diabetic foot may develop, which often leads to amputation.

To prevent such complications it is necessary to carefully monitor the hygiene of the lower extremities. Every night, the foot should be washed with soap and then wiped dry. Shoes should be selected strictly in size, so as not to allow corns and abrasions. If the wound is still formed, it needs to be treated with chlorhexidine, cling to it and show it as soon as possible to the doctor.

Features of the regime with type 1 diabetes

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

Leave Your Comment