Domestic dust and not only - home "ecology" and allergy

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Domestic dust and not only - home "ecology" and allergy

Allergy is one of the most common pathological reactions in the body. The number of allergens, every day attacking people, is calculated by thousands. In this case, residents of large cities are prone to a particular risk - man-made air pollution, provoking an allergic reaction, natural and everyday allergens - pollen of plants, spores of mold, dust - a modern man faces these allergens every day, without leaving your home.

The main types of home allergens

Domestic dust is a multicomponent home allergen, which happens even with the highest purity in the apartment. In one liter of air contains more than half a million small grindstones. And this is understandable: the air of our premises is not isolated from the external environment, and various microorganisms, smallest particles, weighs, as well as molecules of harmful chemical compounds easily enter the city apartments.

In addition, there are allergens that appear directly in the life of a person: these are small fibers of home textiles, upholstery of furniture and other interior items, pairs of paint and varnish products used in the processing of premises, products of life of microscopic mites-saprophytes, Which feed on organic remains, book dust, etc.

Allergens and dry air

In a typical three-room apartment for a year, up to 40 kg of dust is formed. Given the fact that in one liter of air contains more than half a million microparticles, and a person inhales a day to 12 thousand liters of air - it is not difficult to imagine what a huge amount of allergens enters the human body.

In the heating season, the concentration of pollutants increases. In winter, rooms are less ventilated and heating systems quickly dry up the air, which promotes the rapid spread of allergens. Having risen to the air, the dust in a dry air for a long time does not precipitate and when inhaled into the respiratory tract can cause an allergic reaction. Particularly strong reaction to allergens contained in the dust is manifested in children.

The most common symptoms of home-made allergy:

  • Sneezing, nasal congestion, mucous discharge from the nose;
  • Allergic conjunctivitis, lacrimation, reddening of the eyes, itching and swelling of the eyelids;
  • Pricking in the throat, dry irritating cough;
  • Shortness of breath, difficulty breathing with signs of bronchospasm, bronchial asthma attacks;
  • Itching and reddening of the skin, urticaria, facial edema, and the development of Quincke's edema.

How to deal with home allergens?

  • Cleanliness is a guarantee of health and this is not a different phrase! Regular thorough wet cleaning can significantly reduce the risk of allergy to household dust.
  • Humidification of air contributes significantly to reduce the concentration of suspension and allergens in the air. In conditions of a cold climate or poor environmental conditions (for example, if the apartment is in the city center) - it is extremely important to equip the premises with systems for cleaning and humidifying air.
  • The largest number of allergens is accumulated in the upholstery of upholstered furniture, mattresses, pillows - this is the most beloved and most populated place of domestic dust mites. That's why allergists recommend changing the furniture every 7-10 years or drag it and replace the upholstery, clean it regularly with a vacuum cleaner, and for young children to buy safe and easy to wash toys.
  • It is important to use household chemicals and, after use, to ventilate the premises.
  • With the appearance of the first signs of allergies - you need to urgently contact a therapist, and consult an allergist.

Domestic dust and not only - home "ecology" and allergy

Allergy is one of the most common pathological reactions in the body. The number of allergens, every day attacking people, is calculated by thousands. In this case, residents of large cities are prone to a particular risk - man-made air pollution, provoking an allergic reaction, natural and everyday allergens - pollen of plants, spores of mold, dust - a modern man faces these allergens every day, without leaving your home.

The main types of home allergens

Domestic dust is a multicomponent home allergen, which happens even with the highest purity in the apartment. In one liter of air contains more than half a million small grindstones. And this is understandable: the air of our premises is not isolated from the external environment, and various microorganisms, smallest particles, weighs, as well as molecules of harmful chemical compounds easily enter the city apartments.

In addition, there are allergens that appear directly in the life of a person: these are small fibers of home textiles, upholstery of furniture and other interior items, pairs of paint and varnish products used in the processing of premises, products of life of microscopic mites-saprophytes, Which feed on organic remains, book dust, etc.

Allergens and dry air

In a typical three-room apartment for a year, up to 40 kg of dust is formed. Given the fact that in one liter of air contains more than half a million microparticles, and a person inhales a day to 12 thousand liters of air - it is not difficult to imagine what a huge amount of allergens enters the human body.

In the heating season, the concentration of pollutants increases. In winter, rooms are less ventilated and heating systems quickly dry up the air, which promotes the rapid spread of allergens. Having risen to the air, the dust in a dry air for a long time does not precipitate and when inhaled into the respiratory tract can cause an allergic reaction. Particularly strong reaction to allergens contained in the dust is manifested in children.

The most common symptoms of home-made allergy:

  • Sneezing, nasal congestion, mucous discharge from the nose;
  • Allergic conjunctivitis, lacrimation, reddening of the eyes, itching and swelling of the eyelids;
  • Pricking in the throat, dry irritating cough;
  • Shortness of breath, difficulty breathing with signs of bronchospasm, bronchial asthma attacks;
  • Itching and reddening of the skin, urticaria, facial edema, and the development of Quincke's edema.

How to deal with home allergens?

  • Cleanliness is a guarantee of health and this is not a different phrase! Regular thorough wet cleaning can significantly reduce the risk of allergy to household dust.
  • Humidification of air contributes significantly to reduce the concentration of suspension and allergens in the air. In conditions of a cold climate or poor environmental conditions (for example, if the apartment is in the city center) - it is extremely important to equip the premises with systems for cleaning and humidifying air.
  • The largest number of allergens is accumulated in the upholstery of upholstered furniture, mattresses, pillows - this is the most beloved and most populated place of domestic dust mites. That's why allergists recommend changing the furniture every 7-10 years or drag it and replace the upholstery, clean it regularly with a vacuum cleaner, and for young children to buy safe and easy to wash toys.
  • It is important to use household chemicals and, after use, to ventilate the premises.
  • With the appearance of the first signs of allergies - you need to urgently contact a therapist, and consult an allergist.

Domestic dust and not only - home

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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