What is the split personality, as a result of which it can arise and what its symptoms are.
Dissociative personality disorder is a mental state in which at least two persons, alternate-personality, in each person are trapped in each person, each of which has its own view of the world and ways of interaction with the surrounding reality.
In some individuals with multiple disorder, each person has a completely definite and unique way of reacting to external events, showing emotions, even such physiological characteristics as arterial pressure and pulse, varying markedly in different individuals in one person.
Prevalence of the disease
According to some data, split personality, often split, affects about 3% of patients in psychiatric clinics. It is also believed that this condition occurs in women nine times more often than in men. However, the propensity of women to this disease can be relative because of the difficulty in diagnosing the split personality in men.
Causes of dissociative disorder of personality
The exact cause of the development of dissociative personality disorder has not yet been identified, however, the psychological theory of the onset of the disease prevails.
The disorder develops in response to a severe psychological trauma experienced in childhood. It becomes a kind of protective mechanism that conceals the traumatic, painful events that have occurred with the child, breaking up and displacing the memories of them and thus forming new individuals.
Are there multiple individuals
Some experts still question the very existence of this disorder, despite the fact that it was acquired in the international classification of diseases as a "multiple personality disorder."
It is unclear why most people who have experienced severe stress and traumatic events in childhood do not suffer from multiple personality disorder, despite the fact that it is precisely such events that are considered the main cause of the disease. Moreover, some people with a split personality have not experienced such events in childhood.
The brain and the human psyche are a very complicated mechanism, and the reaction of different people to traumatic events can vary considerably.
Symptoms of dissociative disorder:
- Amnesia, memory failures affecting even important events such as weddings, birthdays, births, etc.;
- Failures in time, as a result of which a person manifests itself in any place, not remembering how he got there;
- Frequent allegations of lies in spite of the fact that a person believes that he is telling the truth (for example, when it comes to events that the patient does not remember);
- The appearance of things about which the person does not know where they came from;
- Communicating with people with whom the person is not familiar, but who behave as if they know him or someone very similar;
- People call sick names unknown to him;
- The appearance of documents, notes and other things that were obviously written by yourself, but the handwriting seems to belong to another person;
- Voice in the head that does not belong to a person;
- A sense of derealisation;
- Feeling that you are more than one person.
Features of a plural identity
For the diagnosis of dissociative disorder of a person it is necessary that at least two different individuals were identified in a person who would in turn control the behavior of a person.
The split personality is accompanied by amnesia, that is, each individual person has his own memories, the other person perceives these moments as failures in memory - switching. The symptoms of splitting personality should not be caused by abuse of any kind of narcotic substances.
Characteristic features of the disorder of a plurality of persons also consider the feeling of depersonalization, that is, distorted perception of oneself, and derealisation, that is, a changed perception of the outside world and other people.