Among the common injuries of the tooth is its dislocation. This mechanical damage results in a violation of the functionality and anatomical position of the tooth in the jaw. Depending on the type of dislocation, appropriate treatment is immediately assigned.
As a rule, a specialist does not have difficulty diagnosing the dislocation of the tooth. The main symptoms of this trauma is the unusual mobility of the tooth, its displacement from the tooth row through the rupture of circumdental tissues and the violation of its connection with the well. In addition, the dislocation of the tooth is accompanied by severe pain.
Frequently recorded dislocations of the anterior teeth of the upper jaw, as they are weakly protected from impacts and actively involved in the process of biting food.
If you do not provide medical assistance in time and do not treat the damaged tooth, the injury may be complicated by the inflammatory process in the gums and the development of pulp necrosis.
Dislocation of the tooth
- Complete dislocation, in which there is a rupture of all tissues of periodontology and the tooth is kept only by gums.
- Incomplete dislocation is expressed by a partial loss of communication with the well with a slight shift of the root of the tooth.
- Punched dislocation is characterized by immersion of the tooth inside the well, with a marked displacement of the tooth and the destruction of the bone tissue of the jaw.
Reasons for tooth dislocation
- Injury - a blow, a fall.
- Stinging too hard food.
- Accidental hit in chewing food solid items.
- Harmful habits: opening the teeth of stoppers, peeling the shells of nuts.
- Unprofessional removal of adjacent tooth.
Treatment of tooth dislocation
Before appointing a treatment, the doctor conducts a review of the oral cavity, visually assesses the severity of the injury and the condition of the tooth. X-ray is prescribed for clarification of the diagnosis. On the basis of all studies, a decision is taken to treat a damaged tooth or remove it.
With incomplete dislocation of the tooth, it is applied back into the well and fixed to the adjacent teeth with a tire. Usually it is imposed for a period of 7 to 10 days. Tooth reposition is performed under local anesthesia. It is possible that in the future it will be necessary to treat the root canal of the dislocated tooth.
At full dislocation of a tooth it is appointed to remove it or to replantation. In the latter case, the tooth first is removed from the well under anesthesia, and then retracted in the right position. The success of replantation depends to a great extent on the speed with which assistance was provided. If the damaged tooth returns to the well not later than half an hour after the injury, the positive result of treatment is the largest.
If the ventricular dent is insignificant, the specialist may restrict himself to observation only. It is probable that over time the tooth will independently return to its previous position. This is especially true for milk chips.
With a deep killing of the tooth, its repositioning and shinning are carried out. If the dislocation joins the inflammatory process or the tooth completely immersed in the jaw with a fracture of the walls of the alveoli, the removal is shown.
What to do when dislodging your tooth
- After receiving an injury, you should immediately contact the dentist for help.
- If the tooth is completely knocked out, it should be placed in a glass of milk and transported with the victim to the nearest dental unit.
- If dislocation of the tooth is complicated by pulp necrosis, trepanation of crowns and therapeutic treatment with subsequent sealing are required.
- After treatment it is necessary to avoid taking a solid food.
- Provide the damaged tooth with maximum rest.
- A month later to visit a dentist for a preventive examination.