The most common diseases of teeth, according to dental clinics, are now caries, dental deposits, pulpitis, periodontitis and stomatitis.
Any of these diseases is dangerous to the health of the teeth. For what signs to reveal the development of the disease that struck the tooth, and which therapeutic and prophylactic means to apply to the disease to retreat, read in our article.
Caries is the most common dental disease. The traces of caries are found in people who lived not only several centuries ago, but also in more ancient burials, which number up to 5 thousand years.
Currently, caries affected by teeth are 98% of people. Caries takes first place among chronic diseases in children, before the school ends, about 80% of adolescents have carious cavities in their teeth, and 95-98% of adults have at least one sealed tooth.
When caries affected hard tooth tissues - enamel and dentin. The disease develops gradually, destroying the first enamel, and then damaging the deeper tissues of the tooth.
Most often caries development is caused by the activity of pathogenic bacteria living in plaque. And intensely contributes to this process of excessive use of sweets (carbohydrates).
If the caries does not stop in time, the disease penetrates into the internal tissues of the tooth, causing inflammatory processes, complications and new pathologies.
A dental stone is formed due to the fact that there is a soft plaque on the rough surface of the cervical tooth (rests of food, epithelium, bacteria, calcium), on which more solid limestone salts are deposited. These deposits are initially loose, and then become dense and pigmented.
It is in them that develop bacteria that lead to the development of caries. You can get rid of a dental stone only one way - removing it from the dentist's office.
Causes of a tooth-stone:
- Non-compliance with oral hygiene, especially in combination with smoking;
- The habit of eating a soft meal or chewing on only one side of the jaw (left or right).
Pulpit is an inflammation of the vascular-nerve bundle of the tooth (pulp). If the tartar precedes and promotes the development of caries, then pulpitis, in essence, is a complication of caries. If the caries does not stop in time, then sooner or later bacteria will get to the pulp of the tooth. Destroying dentin, they expose the nerve endings.
Sometimes the cause of pulpitis can be a trauma tooth.
To avoid severe complications of pulpitis, the output is only one: remove all non-viable infected tissues, as well as pulp, treat canal teeth with anti-infectious drugs and put a seal.
At the initial stage, mainly in young people, after treatment with medications it is possible to preserve the pulp, but the seal can not be avoided.
Periodontitis is the inflammation of the surrounding tissue of the root of the root (the ligaments of the tooth and the surrounding bone). Causes of periodontitis are the same as those of pulpitis.
If it is not time to treat pulpitis, it can be an umbilical abscess, the formation of jaw cysts that require surgical intervention.
In chronic inflammation, medicines or electrophoresis and root canal filling are used.
Besides infectious and traumatic, there is also a medical periodontitis. Most often it develops in the wrong treatment of pulpitis, when periodontal can get strong drugs (arsenic, formalin, phenol) or irritants (phosphate cement, pins).
Stomatitis is a collection of diseases of the mucous membrane of the mouth. It would seem that what is the teeth here? However, the connection is most immediate. Although the main problems of stomatitis are not related to the teeth themselves, the disease affects the condition and tooth stability.
There are several reasons for stomatitis: mechanical trauma of the mucous membrane, its erosion, as well as chemical, thermal or radiological effects. This opens the way to the mucous membrane of the pathogenic bacteria. The cause of stomatitis can also be skin and blood disease.