Diseases of the oral cavity are quite diverse and are observed in adults as well as in children. The mucous membrane of the oral cavity is an important barrier between the body and the environment, and so it is important to carefully monitor its condition.
Diseases of the oral cavity can occur for various reasons. These include injuries, allergic reactions, lack of vitamins and essential microelements, impairment of immunity, the presence of a dental stone, poor state of the oral mucosa, and infection.
Diseases of the oral cavity: periodontal disease
The disease, which is characterized by hypoxia and periodontal dystrophy, is a complex of tissues surrounding the tooth. In patients with this, pain may be completely absent. The disease proceeds virtually asymptomatic, but in some cases periodontitis may develop.
Symptoms of periodontal disease:
- Anemic gum;
- Mobility and displacement of teeth;
- The roots of the teeth and their necks become visible;
- Atrophy of interdental nipples.
Treatment of periodontal disease consists in sealing erosions, wedge-shaped defects. The treatment of tissue hypoxia is carried out.
Diseases of the oral cavity: periodontitis
Periodontitis is a rather dangerous disease, the development of which can provoke metabolic disorders, neuro-somatic diseases, lack of vitamins, proteins, decline of the organism's resistance.
The illness may also be caused by poor oral hygiene, environmental and occupational hazards. Not the last role is played by the nature of food - when using soft food, mechanical cleaning of teeth is inadequate.
The symptoms of periodontitis include:
- Gut bleeding
- Smell from the mouth;
- Quickly formed a dental stone.
If the disease is started, there are severe pain and tears swollen.
In the case of aggravation of the disease, it is important to contact the dentist urgently. At a chronic nature of the disease it is necessary to observe a dentist, orthopedist, surgeon and therapist.
Diseases of the oral cavity: stomatitis
Stomatitis is inflammation of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. The disease occurs due to dysbiosis, pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, and the negative effects of surrounding factors.
Stomatitis are medication (allergy to medicines), herpes, mercury, can be caused by diseases of the blood and decrease in immunity. Stomatitis are divided into ulcerative, catarrhal, purulent, with erosion formation.
All types of stomatitis are treated by a dentist and therapist. Illness stomatitis is recommended to pass TB and AIDS tests.
Diseases of the oral cavity: xerostomia
Xerostomia - a disease characterized by drainage of the mucous membrane of the mouth. Usually accompanied by lesions of the salivary glands, occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus, HIV. Often it is a side effect of drugs, chemo or radiation therapy.
- Dry mouth;
- Mucosal atrophy of the mouth;
- Inflammatory processes, burning of the tongue;
- Difficulty swallowing.
The success of the treatment depends on timely treatment of the dentist, as well as the possibility of eliminating the main cause of xerostomia.