Diffuse trauma of the brain is a fairly common type of brain injury, in which either inhibition, or acceleration of the head leads to further tension and rupture of axons (processes of the nerve cell). The causes of diffuse damage include brawl, beatings, falls, road accidents.
The human brain consists of several million nerve cells, which are located in a gray matter and are interconnected by nerve fibers. These axons are called these fibers - it is the white matter that forms from them. At break of fibers there is a diffuse trauma of a brain, the reason of which there can be a large number of factors: an accident, head strikes, fights, beating, falling from height, loss of consciousness, and many other things.
Symptoms of diffuse trauma
Massive brain damage is accompanied by microscopic hemorrhages that appear in the pyloric center, the corpus callosum, and the upper parts of the brain stem. The injury, usually in the form of a prolonged coma, in most cases becomes a vegetative condition, which can last for several months or years.
As a rule, diffuse trauma is a consequence of severe damage in the cervical spine and even a short loss of consciousness: visualization of the brain to detect such damage is impossible, since it usually has microscopic dimensions.
The causes of damage can be injuries received at high speed during an accident or when falling from a height. In this case, a diffusion trauma occurs in the deformation of the tissues of the brain, resulting in they break.
Doctors also found diffuse lesions in people who returned from the war. There were injuries to them, as a rule, due to the explosion of charges and grenades near them. In this case, impulses from the explosion passed through the human brain, resulting in cell damage. And although most soldiers had no complaints of pain, it was not a fact that they did not arise in the future.
Treatment of diffuse injuries
A diffuse trauma of the brain through surgical intervention is not curable. The victim, as a rule, finds out a number of other complex measures. example:
- Continued mechanical ventilation in hyperventilation mode;
- Therapeutic measures to improve metabolic processes:
- Correction of water-electrolytic and acid-base balance;
- Normalization of blood composition.
In order that there are no complications in the form of inflammation or infections, the patient, taking into account the characteristics of the microflora of her intestine, antibacterial drugs are prescribed.
Traumatic brain diffusion may have evidence for surgical intervention, but only if the associated focal lesions that cause pressure are detected. Conservative treatment, as a rule, is practically always carried out in the intensive care unit.