In this article we will try to find out how differential diagnostics of diseases occurs and which methods of differential diagnostics of diseases exist.
Differential diagnosis is a method that eliminates possible illnesses in the patient that are not suitable for any factors and symptoms and establish the only correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis of diseases is of great importance for the purpose of adequate treatment of the patient.
Value and necessity of differential diagnostics
Differential diagnostics of diseases - this is a kind of cornerstone of medical science, which allows you to put the correct diagnosis in a rather limited period of time. Differential diagnostics avoids poor treatment and the serious consequences of such treatment, and therefore should be applied in all controversial and ambiguous cases.
Methods of differential diagnostics of diseases
Methods of differential diagnosis of diseases are similar to the general methods of medical diagnostics. Differential diagnostics includes several stages.
- Anamnesis, patient complaints and symptomatology. The anamnesis carefully collected and analyzed by the doctor gives an idea of the possible causes of the disease, which is often repeated symptoms of the disease and failures in the work of organs and systems. But since the evaluation by the patient of his own will is very subjective, the survey is the least probable diagnostic method.
- Objective review using the physical methods of studying the patient's body. A thorough review allows you to identify and determine the range of symptoms of the disease more accurately and in detail.
- Laboratory diagnostics. Laboratory methods are often the decisive stage of differential diagnosis of diseases, they allow to detect most of the deviations in the work of organs and systems of the body.
- Instrumental diagnostic methods. Modern instrumental studies allow to determine with high accuracy the localization of the disease and its degree of severity. Instrumental methods include:
- ECG and other methods of cardiography;
- MRI and computed tomography;
The combination of these methods allows you to diagnose with high accuracy. But modern science does not stand still, it is constantly evolving. And instead of the traditional methods came the new differential diagnosis of diseases with the help of specially designed computer programs. Programs such as QMR, VisualDx, and DiagnosisPro allow for full or partial differential diagnosis of diseases and thus reduce the time for diagnosis.
But while these programs in our country have not become widespread, and differential diagnostics of diseases in most cases is carried out by traditional medical methods.