Diagnostics (January 2019)
Ultrasound (fetal ultrasound) is the main method of diagnosis during pregnancy. How many times do a pregnant woman ultrasound of the fetus, determines the gynecologist who is observing her. The goals of the ultrasound of the fetus differ, depending on what period of pregnancy it is being performed. Typically, the number of planned (mandatory) ultrasound scans does not exceed 5 times: 1.
Allergic tests are carried out to detect an allergic disease in a person: an allergen is introduced, which takes for a potential pathogen and monitors the corresponding reaction of the organism. The diagnosis of allergy should be done only during the improvement of the condition - in two, three weeks after the man suffering from acute allergy.
During pregnancy, for a variety of reasons, a fetal condition may occur. The child is surrounded by amniotic fluid - an amniotic fluid that contains living cells of his skin and other substances. Their research helps to find out valuable information about the health of the fetus, but called this diagnostic method - amniocentesis.
Angiography is an X-ray examination of blood vessels. From the usual research, this method differs in that the blood vessels introduce a contrasting substance - an organic compound of iodine, without which X-ray vessels will not be visible. Conduct an angiography after a general clinical examination of a patient, in cases where another diagnostic method was not successful.
Blood pressure measurement is an important diagnostic test method. She is considered by doctors as the main prophylactic procedure, which, as necessary, is important to be able to work independently at home. For these purposes, a special pressure measuring apparatus, so-called Tonometer . It consists of the following elements: sphygmomanometer; manometer.
Investigation of feces is carried out for the detection of diseases of the digestive system: the stomach, liver, pancreatic gland, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, violations of the process of absorption of nutrients in the thin, duodenal gut. Once the disease is detected and the purpose of the treatment is performed, the feces are repeated to assess the effectiveness of the therapy.
The gastrointestinal tract is a multi-level system consisting of different parts, the most entangled and the largest of which is the intestine. In order to establish the correct diagnosis, the doctor needs to look inside and understand, in what part of the multi-meter length of the intestine the illness was concealed.
The term "cardiography" combines different methods of studying cardiac activity. Electrocardiography with the help of which the electrical cardiac activity is recorded is widespread. A similar cardiology of blood vessels of the heart gives an opportunity to evaluate the blood flow of the myocardium, conduction and heart rate, changes in the size of the cavities of the heart, thickening of the heart muscle, to detect electrolyte imbalance, the prescription of a suffered heart attack, toxic lesion of the myocardium.
The biopsy of the cervix is carried out after a gynecological examination or a deviation has been detected based on the results of the tests. The uterus is the narrow and lower part of the uterus that connects the vagina and the uterus, located between the rectum and the bladder; from it take a sample of tissue for further analysis and confirmation or refutation of suspicion of anomalies, precancerous conditions or cancer.
There are several methods of intestinal studies today, but colonoscopy is the most reliable method for detecting colon cancer. Palpation of the abdomen, laboratory tests, radiation diagnostic methods (X-ray, ultrasound, tomography) also help the doctor in diagnosis. However, only the colonoscopy of the intestine allows for a surgical intervention to look inside and directly examine the state of the intestinal wall.
The cytological study studies the structure of cells to detect malignant, benign tumors and lesions of non-tumor nature. The main purpose of the study is to confirm or refute the fact of the malignancy taken for cell analysis. Methods of cytological research are based on the study of a cell structure of cells, a cell composition of liquids and tissues under a microscope.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee joint is a non-invasive medical diagnostic method that helps doctors diagnose and further treat various knee joint diseases. MRI with a powerful magnetic field, frequency radio pulses and signal processing on a computer allows you to get detailed images of both bone and soft tissue of the knee structures.
Clinical electroencephalography is a way of studying the functional activity of the nervous system. The method of electroencephalography on the recording of electric potentials of the brain is based and represents a sum of simple processes occurring in neurons of the brain. Electroencephalography of the brain is prescribed at paroxysmal states, psychosomatic, cognitive, emotional, behavioral, psychic, neurotic disorders, with craniocerebral traumas to assess their severity and assess the dynamics of brain restoration, dyscirculatory and vascular changes, with inflammatory diseases of the nervous system, with pathologies of the endocrine Character.
Fluorography of the lungs is an examination of the chest organs using X-rays that penetrate the pulmonary tissue and transfer the image of the lungs onto the film by means of fluorescence microscopic particles. Carry out a similar study for people under the age of 18. The frequency of its conduct - not more than once a year.
What doctor does not dare to diagnose a disease at an early stage of its development in order to detect changes in the organism that lead to the disease in a timely manner? Early diagnosis allows most accurately appoint treatment or correct preventive measures for a particular person. The most effective method of early diagnosis is the use of software and hardware complex R.
Gastroscopy is a type of endoscopic examination in which a mucosal examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract (esophagus, stomach, duodenum) is performed. Other alternative variants of the name are FGDS (fibrogastroduodenoscopy), EGDS (esophagogastroduodenoscopy), fibrogastroskop. We are talking about the same survey, despite the variety of names.
Spectral analysis of hair - this is not an invasive method of diagnosing the composition of hair, which indicates the various pathologies of the body. The hair contains almost the entire table of Mendeleev. Reducing or increasing one of the elements indicates a variety of diseases. This method shows changes in the human body over the past 6 months.
With the help of tomography of the abdominal cavity, the doctor receives detailed information about the condition of the organs located in the peritoneum: kidneys, pancreas, liver, adrenals, spleen, vessels, abdominal lymph nodes. Computer tomography is successfully used to diagnose blood diseases: lymphogranulomatosis and lymphomas.
Manual therapy is a complex of special soft methods of treatment, which is conducted exclusively by professional and sensitive hands of a specialist without any surgical intervention. The greatest efficiency is achieved when passing the course of manual therapy, however, the first effect appears very quickly - after 1-2 sessions.
The production of medical equipment is an extremely important and important matter. What domestic companies deserve the right to be called leaders in this field? It is pleasant to realize that there are manufacturers in our country, the medicine is highly valued by leading specialists and is in demand not only in the domestic but also in the international market.