Diagnosis of the intestine: what is better - colonoscopy or mri?

Crohn'S Disease: The Inside Story - Futuris (Health And Medical Video July 2018).

Different methods of diagnosis, which are actively used in modern medicine, allow to visually visualize the various pathologies of the intestine, which many people now face. Recently, the following diseases of the intestine are incredibly common: fistulas, tumors, ulcers, inflammation of the mucous membrane, developmental defects, diverticulum, polyps and oncological diseases.

Doctors use different methods to examine the intestinal cavity, each of which has its own advantages and purpose, and each one gives a complete picture of the state of the examined organ. One of the most accessible methods for diagnosing the intestine is colonoscopy. But it is not always possible to conduct it. In addition to this diagnostic method, there is still an opportunity to test the intestine by means of palpation; Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (MRI); Ultrasound examination; Anoscopy.

Therefore, many people are wondering - which of the methods of inspection is the most safe and effective? The main choice is between colonoscopy and MRI. In order to answer this question it is necessary to better understand how the diagnosis and examination of the intestine is performed in each case, when the anatomical features of the patient are taken into account, clinical signs of the disease.

When performing a colonoscopy, one can investigate the condition of the entire thick intestine, make a biopsy of those areas where there is even the slightest suspicion of pathology. That is why this diagnostic method is most in demand. And with the help of colonoscopy, doctors remove adenomatous polyps, using anesthesia. Before examining the patient carefully prepare: sometimes appoint anesthetics for parenteral use. The disadvantages of this method are its low effectiveness in the so-called "blind zones" (folds and curves) of the intestine. The complexity of the definition of malignant neoplasms in the thick intestine is the unsystematic growth of the tumor, which can only be diagnosed in the later stages of development.

Any patient with complaints about problems with a thick intestine can make a colonoscopy. But traditionally colonoscopy is carried out with intestinal obstruction; Suspicious of the presence of foreign objects; Constipation; Sharp loss of attention; Suspected of having polyps and tumors; Inflammatory processes in the thick intestine; Detecting a source of gastrointestinal bleeding; Frequent bloating Crohn's disease.

You can not conduct a colonoscopy if the patient has the following pathologies: acute myocardial infarction; peritonitis; Acute intestinal and catarrhal diseases; Shock state; Pulmonary and heart failure; Perforation of the intestine.

When performing MRI, you can get a more accurate, three-dimensional image of the body. Before performing the procedure, the patient is carefully prepared: conduct an erosive enema, prescribe laxatives. MRI can detect benign and malignant neoplasms; Ruptures in the walls of the intestine; Abscesses; Internal bleeding Bowel obstruction It is impossible to carry out MRI during pregnancy, presence of a pacemaker in the patient's body; Hyperkinesia; Claustrophobia; Severe renal failure; The presence of metal implants, fractions, fragments and bullets.

Diagnosis of the intestine: what is better - colonoscopy or mri?

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