Diagnosis and treatment of eczema

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Pathology (Health And Medical Video July 2018).

Manifestations of eczema may overlap with the symptoms of other diseases. Features of diagnosis and treatment of eczema.

When diagnosing eczema, the doctor must take into account certain nuances.

Diagnosis of eczema

In order to diagnose eczema, the doctor should first ask the patient about the manifestations of the disease and examine the medical card. In addition, the physician should find out whether there were rashes, asthma or fever in close relatives of the patient.

While there is no analysis that can accurately detect eczema, the study of the history of the patient's illness and family history, combined with careful skin examination, usually helps to reliably diagnose.

Eczema treatment

To prevent the progression of eczema, often quite good skin care.

Good moisturizing (in the form of creams, lotions, ointments) will help maintain the natural moisture of the skin. It is necessary to heal the skin every day, immediately after taking a bath or shower, and then one more time.

Creams and ointments with glucocorticoids for many years are used for the treatment of eczema. In cases where eczema is mild, physicians prescribe ointment for hydrocortisone (which is given without a prescription). At a more severe course of the disease prescribe steroidal supplements more effective. If these measures do not help, the patient is prescribed glucocorticoids for ingestion. Such drugs are taken with special precautions and are strictly controlled by a doctor.

The newest medicines, called local immunomodulators, are also an effective remedy for eczema. When applied to the skin, they help reduce inflammation and reduce the activity of the immune system. Local immunomodulators include pimecrolimus and tacrolimus. By their effectiveness they can be compared with glucocorticoids, but immunomodulators are much more expensive. It should be kept in mind that it is recommended to prescribe pimecrolimus and tacrolimus to adults and children of two years if all other treatments for eczema have not produced results. It is prohibited to use drugs for a long time and prescribe these medicines for children under two years of age.

Testing these drugs on animals revealed a link between their use and the increased risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. These same studies have shown that the risk of developing oncological pathology increases with increasing dose of drugs. There is also information on serious adverse reactions in children under the age of two who were prescribed medications, despite the prohibition of their use in this age group.

The use of oral antihistamines also helps to relieve symptoms. Some of these causes cause drowsiness, which becomes a plus if the patient has problems with itching because of itching.

In particularly difficult cases, doctors may prescribe ultraviolet radiation treatment.

One of the options for the treatment of severe eczema in adults may be drugs that suppress the immune system (cyclosporine, azathioprine, methotrexate, etc.). However, their use is justified only in cases where other methods of treatment have failed.

In order to relieve tension and improve blood flow, you should do sports walking or exercise. The patient is also advised to spend time on relaxing activities such as auto training.

Diagnosis and treatment of eczema

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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