Dermatomycosis is a large group of fungal diseases. On their own, dermatomycosis does not pose a threat to life, but contributes to the deterioration of the general state of health, the restructuring of the immune response of the body, as well as the development of secondary complications.
Dermatomycoses constitute a large group of skin diseases that are caused by human pathogenic fungi, of which the epidermal and trichophytic, microsporia, candida, and others are most common.
How do dermatomycosis occur in humans?
Typically, fungal skin lesions often occur when exposed to various types of fungi that are present in the environment or in contact with an infected person or animal. People with impaired immunity, skin damage, and children and the elderly are more likely to be infected.
Infection with dermatomycosis occurs when the skin is absorbed into the surface layers of the parasites of the mycelium and spores of fungi (hyphs and conidia), while dermatophytes destroy and utilize keratin (horny layer) and gradually spread to the surrounding tissues.
The most common manifestations of dermatomycosis
Dermatomycosis, as a rule, is of a limited nature and in itself does not represent a threat to life, but they contribute to the deterioration of the general state of health, the restructuring of the immune response of the body, as well as the development of secondary complications.
The most infected are worried about cosmetic defects and only the second time - the symptoms associated with them. These can be pinkish-red plaques to several centimeters in diameter, with a scaly surface, accompanied by itching and have one or more groups at their disposal.
If the hair is drawn into the process on the face or the head, then they become brittle, with jagged tips, often rash, bubbles, hair follicles, and also secondary bacterial infection with the development of foci of pyoderma appear next to each other.
When damaged by dermatomycosis of the foot, there are horny thickening, tattoos, which then crack, infect and can serve as a good soil for the further development of eczematous lesions. The process is complicated if dermatomycosis is combined with fungal lesions of the nails - onychomycosis.
Diagnosis of various types of mycoses
Since fungal skin lesions are largely nonspecific, in all cases it is necessary to conduct microscopic examination of the affected areas with the exact identification of the types of fungi.
For the primary diagnosis of dermatomycosis, a special Wood bulb is often used, which, when irradiated with ultraviolet light in affected areas, gives a green glow.
Basic principles of treating dermatomycosis
Tactics of treatment of dermatomycosis are selected for each patient individually, based on the type of pathogen and characteristics of the course of the disease, the general state of the organism.
In this case, local therapy with antimycotic ointments, creams, aerosols, alcoholic infusions and course treatment with tableted antifungal agents of various pharmacological groups, including antibiotics, are used. Simultaneously, drugs are prescribed that increase the immune background and regenerate the ability of tissues (vitamins, immunomodulators, etc.).
In addition, such patients with dermatomycosis teach certain methods of disinfection (treatment) of clothing and footwear, some of the hygiene skills needed during the period of the disease in order not to re-establish the patient and infect persons living with him.
The treatment of fungal diseases should be done by a dermatologist, as it is often necessary to conduct several courses of treatment with different drugs, periodically conducting microscopy of the affected areas.
When self-healing the disease is most often not cured, but translated into an inactive form, which often recurs. Therefore, you should be treated only by qualified medical personnel and at a medical institution.