A person with a deafness often feels lonely and falls out of society. To regain the old level of communication, you should use expert advice.
People with reduced hearing have to make additional efforts for communication. Communication is particularly difficult in noisy places. The serious effort that is required to continue such communication can cause human annoyance and fatigue. He can begin to avoid social contacts, feel helpless, fall into depression.
Deafness: Devices that can help
To eliminate these and other inconveniences you can use special devices.
- Hearing aids amplify absolutely all the sounds, including their own voice and general background noises (rustling of newspapers, approaching train noise, etc.), so it may take several weeks or even months to get used to it.
- Auxiliary hearing aids make louder sounds only. They reduce the distance between the ear and the source of noise, while absorbing background noise. You can use different types of device data depending on the situation: for the conversation, face to face will fit one, and for the theater to go to the theater - others. Usually, auxiliary hearing aids include telephone amplifiers, various personal computer systems, and hearing aids that can be directly connected to the TV, radio and other devices.
- "Watchdog" devices are configured for a specific signal: doorbell, baby monitor, home phone, etc. They learn the sound of this device and transmit it with vibration, flashing LEDs or a louder signal.
- Subtitles and Teletext make it easier for people with hearing loss watching TV.
- Communication with text messages - SMS, emails, and many programs for communicating on the Internet - helps to maintain contacts.
The technique of reading from the person and on the lips
This technique helps to understand what a person is saying, even if he is badly heard. People who have the technique of reading from a person, pay attention to gestures, facial expressions and tone of voice. These clues talk indirectly about what the man just wanted to say. In order for them to work, the interlocutor should be close enough, and his face should be well lit.
To read on the lips requires certain skills and observation.
Recommendations for family and friends of hearing impaired people
- Make sure the person knows that you are contacting him.
- Speak by name.
- You are at a distance not more than 1,8 m.
- Make sure that he sees the face, mouth and tongue of the interlocutor.
- Set the lights and the seats so that all participants in the conversation are clearly visible.
- You do not have to speak to a person with hearing impairment right in the ear.
- Repeat your speech with gesticulation.
- Speak a little louder than usual, but do not cry.
- Speak slowly and clearly that you do not swallow some of the words.
- Do not repeat the same word several times in a row. If a particular specific word or concept turns out to be incomprehensible to a person with hearing impairment, try to replace them with others.
- Notify if the topic of the conversation has changed.
- Try to minimize background noise.
- Turn off radio and TVs for talk time.
- Ask the restaurant in a quiet corner of the table.
- In the theater and cinema, take a seat away from the front door.
- Apply to a person with hearing impairment, as well as to any other participant in the conversation, and in no case do not talk about him in a third person, as if he is absent.
The use of these tips will help a person with a deafness feel more confident, will improve the quality of his life and improve his mood.