Alcoholism and its stages develop gradually, as any habit and disease. Stages of alcohol dependence are characterized by a phased increase in the needs of the patient in the drink, inability to control himself and adequately perceive the situation. The stages of alcoholism in men and women are the same, but have some peculiarities. The type of treatment depends on the characteristics of the human body, its psychological state and the very stage of the disease.
Some people can not confidently answer how many stages of alcoholism exist. Modern medicine distinguishes three stages of development of alcoholism: first, second and third. The progressing third stage of alcoholism can be called the fourth stage. Stages of alcoholism have their own characteristics and have a different effect on the human body. It is extremely important for the first symptoms to drive the patient to a specialist.
The first stage of alcoholism
1 stage of alcoholism begins with the fact that a person gradually increases the dose of alcohol and drinking more often than before. He drinks a lot, inventing various alcoholic drinks. At the first stage of alcoholism, characteristic symptoms develop: a person quickly loses control over himself, behaves inadequately and decisively. The next day there is a bad feeling, but so far there is no desire to grumble. Some moments may disappear from memory.
The first stage of alcoholism usually lasts for several years, but then it can go smoothly into the second stage. At the first stage of the development of alcoholism, a person does not perceive his thirst as a disease.
By the signs of the first stage of alcoholism, one can still attribute an insurmountable desire not only to drink on weekends, aggression and irritability in a drunken state, the condemnation of drunkenness and alcoholism. Man becomes controversial in deeds and promises. She can not suppress her desire to drink, and at the same time condemns her passion for alcoholic beverages. At the first stage of alcoholism, it's easiest to convince dependents to quit drinking and return to normal, as she understands this problem.
Treatment of the first stage of alcoholism
Treatment of alcohol dependence of the first stage is the study of some violations in the organs and nervous system that were formed at this stage:
- Liver disease;
- Gastritis and stomach ulcer;
- vegetative dystonia;
- Initial signs of hepatitis;
- Nerve disorders;
Treatment can be done at home, the patient can go to work and communicate with people. In some cases, it is advisable to contact a psychologist to find out the causes of alcoholism. Close and relatives should constantly support the dependent. It is very important at the first stage of alcoholism to help the patient to prevent the disease from progressing and did not turn into a more severe second stage.
The second stage of alcoholism
Alcoholism in 2 stages is observed in almost 90% of patients who are registered in drug treatment centers. A person has increased resistance to alcohol, so she drinks more and more often. The patient drinks for about a day about 500 ml of vodka or other strong alcoholic beverages. At the second stage of alcoholism, initial symptoms are manifested and new ones appear.
Among the main symptoms of the two stages of alcoholism are primarily the withdrawal syndrome. It is characterized by the patient's desire to grumble in the morning. Each time the doses can increase, which leads to prolonged drinking for several days in a row.
At this stage of alcoholism the symptoms become more obvious, they are easy to notice. The mood of the patient often changes and depends on the use of alcohol. Without a drink, a person becomes angry, aggressive and may suffer from depression. There are constant failures in memory. Alkozavisimnyi thinks only about drinking, other pleasures and hobbies do not exist. Having taken some dose of alcohol, he quickly drunk, there is a shine in the eyes and pleasure.
For the second stage of alcoholism is characterized not only psychological, but also physical need for alcohol. The body requires new doses of alcohol, without it it ceases to function properly. At this stage, the dependent is often discarded, becomes apathetic and sluggish. Man sometimes wants to tie alcohol, but he alone can not do it.
Treatment of the second stage of alcoholism
The second stage of alcoholism requires serious complex treatment, which involves a combination of several methods:
Aversive treatment - can be used in cases where the alcoholic does not want to undergo a course of treatment and is not susceptible to persuasion. It uses several medications that cause disgust for alcohol, affecting the human's primary reflexes. The most commonly used drug Disulfiram, which is safe for non-drinkers, but when mixed with alcoholic beverages, causes very unpleasant sensations and significantly impairs the well-being of an alcoholic.
Popular methods are advised to use a broth of thyme. If mixed with alcohol, it causes a strong vomiting reflex.
Detoxification of an organism is a complex of medical measures, similar to those used in severe poisoning of an organism. This method of treatment helps the patient to cleanse the body from harmful toxins and products of decomposition of ethanol in the blood, the digestive tract, liver cells, and withdraw products from the body of metabolism. He deprives an alcoholic of physical dependence, but psychological dependence still remains.
Psychological help - effective only if the patient recognizes his dependence and wants to overcome it, in order to save the family, work and the situation in society. As practice shows, methods of psychological therapy are highly effective. About 80% of alcoholics undergoing psychological therapy are once again aware of the harm of alcohol and feel immediately to drink. This method of treatment helps to get rid of alcoholism in the second stage and eliminate new relapses.
Social adaptation - in some cases, the alcoholic himself decides to get rid of his addiction, but he can not resolve this problem on his own. In this case, the social adaptation of the patient helps well. Specialists help the alcoholic to re-engage with the community, join the work, establish relationships with the family. This method helps only in cases where the patient himself wants to be cured and start a new life.
Third stage of alcoholism
Chronic alcoholism of the 3 stages is conclusive and manifests itself with the most severe signs and consequences. At 3 stages of alcoholism in a patient there are changes in the psyche and in all systems of the organism. Increased resistance to alcohol, a person is drinking systematically every day and several times a day, but with small doses. For a strong intoxication a fairly small dose of alcohol.
At 3 stages of alcoholism symptoms are pronounced and noticeable to others. Man degrades rather quickly, as a person, the psyche is strongly disturbed. Destruction in the nervous system and the work of the internal systems of the body lead to partial loss of movements and speech, there may be paralysis and often a lethal outcome. At the third stage of alcoholism, patients lose weight, become rickety.
The alcoholic of the legs become thin, and the stomach on the contrary increases. The reason is that the muscles become flabby, the person practically does not eat anything, because through food she immediately tears. The abdomen becomes large, as the liver through the alcohol increases twice.
Shamirov Felix Gennadyevich, Narcologist, Doctor of the highest category
In the treatment of alcoholism it is necessary to achieve the maximum long remission (period without "drop of alcohol"). Alcoholism by default is a chronic disease for all who regularly drink alcohol, and every abandonment of alcohol for a dependent is a small victory. Therefore, in order to achieve a positive effect, constant support of the patient from the relatives in the stages of treatment and rehabilitation is required.
Chronic alcoholism of stage 3 entails complete degradation of the individual, the person becomes closed and asocial. There is inconsistency of language, low level of intelligence and inability to think logically, brain cells are destroyed and can not be restored. The patient is inadequate, posing a threat to himself and others. Propensity for suicides and murders is increasing. The third stage of alcoholism in 95% of cases ends with the death of a person from a heart attack, a stroke and other dangerous diseases.
After 60 years, there is a tendency to reduce the desire to drink alcohol, reduce the number of drinks, people begin to drink episodically. Alcohol does not bring joy, the state sharply worsens, the mood becomes depressed. At this age, it's easier to convince a patient to completely refuse to use alcohol, especially in the presence of developed severe diseases of the organs and nervous system.
Treatment of the third stage of alcoholism
At the third stage of alcohol dependence treatment is difficult, but possible. The patient should be urgently placed in the clinic to restore organs and provide psychological assistance. At this stage, the hangover syndrome is not observed, so the patient should completely refuse to use alcohol, voluntarily or coercive. This is necessary in order to detoxify the body and start treatment for the affected organs.
The use of special medications relieves pain syndromes and restores the normal functioning of the body. The final stage of treatment is the social adaptation of a dependent person in a society.
Since the alcohol dependence is not able to cope with its dependence, the most common methods of treating alcoholism are 3 stages:
- Other methods of non-traditional medicine.
Even at the third stage of alcohol dependence, the patient can be helped and cured, eliminating the possibility of relapse. If the treatment is not performed, the person most often dies.
The fourth stage of alcoholism
Some experts highlight the final, 4th stage of alcoholism. For the last stage of alcoholism are characterized by symptoms such as: severe mental disorder and defeat of all internal organs. Man is not capable of thinking, speaking normally, completely indifferent to what is happening. He drinks often and in small portions, is constantly in alcoholic condition.
As a rule, at this stage, a chronic alcoholic loses a family, a house, lives on the street with other alcoholics. Alcoholism of the fourth stage is not curable, because all organs and systems are almost completely destroyed by alcohol. The patient who has reached this stage does not live and die for a long time.
Alcoholism is a serious disease that requires immediate reaction and assistance from close relatives. Alcohol dependence, seen at the first stage, will help to quickly cure the patient and prevent the progression of severe ailment.