Even very good cosmetics can cause allergies.
Shampoos, deodorants, decorative cosmetics, creams have long been firmly in the daily life of a modern person. However, despite the fact that cosmetics allows us to have a good look, it often causes skin irritation or allergic reactions. This is due to the fact that some of the ingredients of cosmetics (especially flavors and preservatives) are allergens - substances that trigger allergies.
Symptoms of allergy to cosmetics
After contact with cosmetics usually develop two main allergic reactions: irritative and allergic contact dermatitis. Contact dermatitis is a condition that occurs after exposure to the skin of any substance; Characterized by the appearance of signs of inflammation of the skin (redness, itching and edema).
- The most common reaction is
Irritative contact dermatitis
. It develops after exposure to irritating or rough substances on the skin. First, there are scaly itchy spots or red rash, which can pass into the vial, filled with liquid. Skin changes usually occur directly at the point of contact with a caustically significant substance. Especially susceptible to irritation of the area with thin skin, such as eyelids, or areas with increased dryness or cracks.
- People with allergies on any components of the cosmetic product may develop
Allergic contact dermatitis
. His symptoms include redness, swelling, itching of the skin and the appearance of hives in the urticaria. The pronounced itching causes people to intensively comb the skin, resulting in its integrity being disturbed. Frequently, the face, lips, eyelids, ears and neck react to the cosmetics. And, nevertheless, an allergic reaction can occur on any part of the body.
The time needed to develop symptoms of dermatitis is significantly different. Strong irritants, such as perfumery, cause a fairly rapid reaction: in minutes or hours after contact. However, weak stimuli, such as cute, for the development of symptoms should affect the body for a long time: several days or even weeks. In some situations, an allergic reaction develops after years of using cosmetics.
How common is allergy to cosmetics?
Heavy allergy to cosmetics is rare. However, mild or moderate reactions or skin irritation are fairly common. Experts believe that during the life of the reaction to varying degrees of severity develop about 10% of people. Most women suffer. Perhaps this is due to the fact that women of the fair sex use more cosmetics than men.
What should I do if I'm allergic to cosmetics?
When allergies stop, use cosmetics. After the symptoms are resolved, start gradually introducing remedies into one use, one after another. This will help determine the source of the reaction. If the signs of allergy do not disappear after the cosmetic exclusion, or if you can not understand why the cause of the reaction, you need to seek medical help.
Diagnosis of allergy to cosmetics
The doctor diagnoses an allergic reaction based on a patient's interview (contact with various cosmetic products) and the characteristics of the symptoms. Since many adults use cosmetics, it is sometimes difficult to detect the cause of allergy. In case of suspicion of allergic contact dermatitis the doctor conducts skin application tests. At the same time, a small amount of different allergens is applied to the skin in small concentrations, and the doctor tracks the response to them. This allows you to discover a causally meaningful substance.
Treatment of allergic reaction to cosmetics
The best way to treat is to discontinue contact with those agents that cause symptoms. For the relief of itching, swelling and reddening, medications based on hormones of corticosteroids such as cortisone and hydrocortisone are used. They are available in the form of creams and ointments. Before using such medications on your face, consult your doctor: topical corticosteroids sometimes cause a change in the color of the skin.
- Carefully study the composition of the labels. If you find in it a substance that has caused you allergy before, do not use such cosmetics. And even better, add and list the ingredients that are responsible for the allergic reaction.
- If you want to try a new remedy, pre-run a small skin test to track its effect on the body. Apply a little remedy to the inside of your wrist or elbow flexion and watch closely the reaction overnight.
- Choose products with simple warehouses. The more ingredients contained in the cosmetic product, the more, respectively, and the potential allergens. Simple formulations make it easier to identify the culprit for your allergy.
- Perfumery products should be applied not on the skin, but on clothes. Before you get dressed, allow your toilet water to dry.
- Particular care requires the treatment of decorative cosmetics, since it is in contact with the skin for a long time. Look for hypoallergenic and non-codogenic (that is, not causing acne) odorless remedies. However, even they can cause allergic reactions.
How to learn how to read labels on bottles and jars?
It's important to know which ingredients are included in the product to get the best of cosmetic products and to avoid troubles. According to the requirements, manufacturers of cosmetics should list the ingredients on the labels. As a rule, they are indicated in descending order of content. However, remember that disclosure of the "secret of the company" company is not obliged, and therefore some components (including certain aromatic additives) on the labels is not noted.
It is also important not to forget that "flavorless" or "odorless" inscriptions do not mean a complete lack of aroma. The product always contains a certain amount of flavor, which allows to repel the smell of individual chemical ingredients. The inscription "Natural" says that the product consists mainly of extracts derived from substances of animal and vegetable origin. Means, called "Nonmedical", do not contain components that clog pores, and therefore do not cause acne (acne).
You need to know that some of the inscriptions may not really mean what you think. For example, in many cosmetic products you can find the designation "Hypoallergenic". This only means that the remedy rarely causes allergic reactions than a product similar to it. However, manufacturers are not required to prove this claim. Remember: there is no remedy that is not guaranteed to cause allergies. And one more supplement. The inscription "Organic" makes cosmetics safe.
- Always follow the rules of the liqueur hygiene. Before applying makeup or other cosmetics, be sure to wash your hands and face.
- Never share a decorative makeup with friends and friends
- If you want to try the tool in the store, ask the seller to give you a clean applicator and wipe the tester's neck with alcohol.
- Keep containers tightly closed for cosmetic products, avoid getting dust or dirt in them.
- Protect cosmetics from the effects of high temperatures, do not leave it in the sun
- Do not apply eye makeup if there are signs of infection, such as conjunctivitis.
- Get rid of the money that has changed your color or acquired an unusual smell. Often this means that preservatives can no longer cope with bacteria.
- When changing the consistency of the product, never add water to it. Throw away the remedy.
- Clean brushes and applicators to make cosmetics as often as possible.