Conjunctivitis today is one of the most common eye diseases. Already at the initial stage of the disease, the eyes begin to tear, blush and the person creates the impression that in the eyes of foreign objects.
If it is not time to turn to a doctor and not start treatment, you can get complications.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis
Symptoms of conjunctivitis are lesions of the conjunctiva. What is conjunctiva? It is a thin, transparent film that covers the inner surface of the eyelids and the outer part of the eyes. It performs two main tasks: protects the surface of the eyes from the penetration of various non-urban bodies and microorganisms. When her inflammation eyes begin to hurt. Since the disease is inflammatory, the conjunctivitis can be ill at any age.
At the onset of the disease, a clear, sticky fluid that causes eye contact is released - blepharospasm. It is a catarrhal form of conjunctivitis. Children have a mostly film form - the eyes cover small pillows, and if small follicles appear on inspection, then this is the follicular form of acute conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis is contagious, so if you find out the first signs, you should restrict communication with other people and strictly adhere to the rules of personal hygiene. Several times a day you should wash your hands with soap and do not rub your eyes in any way, because if you only get one eye, you can infect another with your eyes rubbing your eyes. You can not go to the pool and wash with raw water from the tap. It is best to use boiled water and napkins.
Since the causes of conjunctivitis may be different, then the disease may be different. In order not to be mistaken, the doctor can appoint consultations of other specialists. For example, a gynecologist, an allergist or a urologist.
There are three types of conjunctivitis:
Once the cause is identified, appropriate treatment is prescribed.
Allergic conjunctivitis. Occurs when an allergic reaction to something. This can be pollen of plants, animals, book dust and so on. It all depends on the season and the location of the person. Always impressive both eyes. Eyes tear and blush, they can swell strongly and ages. In the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis prescribe antihistamines in drops and tablets. If the allergy is not very pronounced, then you can do the compress. In addition, if a person knows about an allergic reaction to something, you just have to avoid contact with the allergen.
Bacterial conjunctivitis. His cause of the disease is the bacteria. These can be staphylococci or streptococci. It differs in this type of disease with severe edema and suppuration, which cause in the morning to stick together the eyes. To eliminate this annoyance, it is necessary to wash your eyes more often with infusion of chamomile. If the disease becomes acute, then the eyes should be treated with ointments and drops that contain antibiotics. It is necessary to capture or smear it 4-5 times a day, it is a minimum. Before dipping your eyes, be sure to rinse with strong tea or infusion of chamomile. And do not forget about hygiene, the rules of which must be observed steadily.
Viral conjunctivitis. Usually a person gets them ill when the immune system is weakened. Therefore, eyes can get sick from any infection. The treatment is prescribed by the doctor only after the examination and detection of the cause, as well as the strengthening of the immune system. Assigned antiviral eye ointments or drops. Therefore, it is best not to engage in self-medication, but to seek medical attention. After all, if treatment is wrong, you can lose your sight.
- Infectious flora. These can be chlamydia, viruses, bacteria or fungi, which can be infected during bathing in a dirty reservoir, rubbing the eyes dirty hands, using poor quality cosmetics or with an expired period of action. Also, the cause of the disease can be diseases such as measles, acute respiratory viral infections, or chicken pox, which are taken through the blood vessels through blood through the bloodstream.
- Prolonged action of an allergen can cause an allergic reaction. It can be both pollen and some chemicals.
- The effect of sunlight - ultraviolet radiation can cause "snow blindness".
- The high sensitivity of the body to the medications can cause irritation and redness of the eyes, as well as tearing tears.
- Another common cause of the disease is the violation of the rules of wearing contact lenses, resulting in an eye infection or irritated mucus.
- Lack of vitamins, metabolic disorders, fatigue and overcooling of the eyes can lead to the disease.
- Chronic diseases of the nose and tear ways.
Forms of conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis has two forms of the course of the disease - acute and chronic.
Sharp form. The disease proceeds rapidly. In the eyes of the dilated blood vessels, the eyes become red and inflamed, there are purulent discharge from the eyes. In acute form, a person feels discomfort in the eyes, not only because of the secretions and burning, but also with strong illumination. The temperature, headache and general weakness can rise. The disease can begin on one eye, and if you do not take urgent treatment, go to the second one. Children are always more likely to tolerate this disease. It takes them a few days. Adults suffer longer.
Chronic conjunctivitis. If the disease is not treated, an acute form can gradually become chronic. It flows slowly and slowly, striking both eyes at once. The reason for its occurrence may be a variety of stimuli - dust, cold, smoke, chemical compounds such as paint. If under acute conjunctivitis the disease passes in a few days, then the chronic form can proceed for a long time, up to a month or more.
When ill, the patient must use only his towel, often wash hands with antibacterial soap, try to stay less in the cold and the sun, not use water containing chlorine, do not swim in the pools and open water. View your diet, strengthen the body and drink vitamins.
Treatment of conjunctivitis alone
In general, any disease should be treated only under the supervision of a doctor. But, if it is not possible to consult a doctor, it is necessary to drown a couple of drops of 0.3% solution of levomycetin or 20% solution of sulfacilum - sodium (albucid). The procedure should be repeated several times a day until complete recovery. If the patient has one eye, then for the prevention can droplet drops and in healthy.
In no case can be imposed on the eyes of the bandage. It is possible to create favorable conditions for the reproduction of a pathogenic bacterium. Do not wait for a miracle and run the disease, hoping that everything will go by itself. With proper treatment, the disease will go through four days. If it is not treated, the conjunctivitis can go into chronic form. Therefore, it is better not to delay the treatment of an ophthalmologist.