Compensation for deafness: problems and patterns

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In case of violation of any analyzer information about the surrounding world is delivered through other senses.

Under compensation of mental functions in science understand the reimbursement of underdeveloped or disturbed mental functions by using stored or rearranging residual functions.

In compensation for impaired mental functions involved those who have not previously participated in its implementation or performed a different role in other conditions. An example can be reading the language on the lips with deafness.

Types of compensation for mental functions

In-system compensation - due to the preserved nerve function, its elements and parts, in the case of deaf people, is the use of preserved residual hearing.

Cross-system compensation - increased sensitivity of intact sensory organs trying to replace the damaged analyzer. Compensation of auditory functions in a child born to deaf is due to greater involvement in the work of visual, kinestetic, olfactory and other systems. An important role in compensating for deafness is occupied by vibratory movements.

With deafness, both types of compensation are observed.

The problem of learning the verbal language of children with hearing impairment

The central and most important issue of surpspsychology and surdopedagogy is the question of teaching deaf verbal language.

Scientists believe that even in the early stages of development it is necessary to organize the life of the child so that the learning of the language became interesting to him. Be sure to create a need for mastering a human speech.

What is compensation for deafness?

Higher forms of compensating deafness are expressed in creating conditions for the formation of a full-fledged personality, namely:

  • Mastering the knowledge of basic sciences;
  • Mastering of labor skills, the basics of production activity, the possibility of choosing a profession;
  • The formation of outlook, moral and humanistic personality traits.

The problem of compensation for mental functions of the individual continues to be relevant to special psychology in general and surdo-psychology in particular, as the methods and methods of teaching deaf children are based on compensation for disturbed functions. The whole system of education for children with any deviations is based on the principles and laws of compensation for mental functions and their elements.

Compensation for deafness: problems and patterns

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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