Chondrocalcinosis - a chronic, slowly progressive disease, caused by the deposition of microcrystals of calcium salts in the articular cartilage and around the articular tissues.
Treating knees at home is the same as when stretching the ligaments, and at the fracture. In case of a suspected fracture, you should immediately contact a doctor or an ambulance.
Self-help at home
- You can not move the injured knee to avoid further damage.
- It is necessary to keep the injured knee raised in position to reduce puffiness and pain.
- To reduce puffiness, it is necessary to apply cooling compresses to the knee for 15-20 minutes 4 times a day. You should not apply ice directly to the skin itself, you need to turn the ice pack in a towel.
- Ibuprofen and naproxen will help relieve the pain, which are ideal for knee injuries, because they take off inflammation. When taking these drugs you must follow the instructions or instructions of the doctor.
If a bone fracture is detected on an X-ray, the doctor will first apply a tire. Then you need to contact an orthopedic surgeon to assess the condition of the knee. Depending on the severity of damage to soft tissues or bones, surgical intervention may be required to restore the knee structure.
If there is no fracture, damage may be related to ligament or knee cartilage. In the case of edema or pain, the doctor's knees will not be able to immediately carry out a thorough examination. To help with the diagnosis, it will be necessary to use MRI (with soft tissue damage) or CT (in case of a fracture suspected that X-ray examination failed).
The knee will be placed in the immobilizer, a repeat reception from the district doctor or orthopedist will be prescribed.
Depending on the prerequisites, the physician may consider the need to pump fluid from the knee (having puncture in the articular gap). This will help to diagnose and improve the condition of the patient faster.
After reducing the edema and reducing the pain, doctors will find it easier to investigate ligaments and cartilage for stretching or tearing.
Depending on the extent of the stretching or rupture, the patient will be referred to either physical therapy for rehabilitation or an orthopedic surgeon for a possible surgery.
If the degree of stretching is minimal, it is enough to give a knee to relax.
Depending on the severity of the pain, the doctor will prescribe appropriate anesthetics. As a rule, prescribe drugs, both have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Medicines should only be used if necessary. You should not drive vehicles or mechanisms with the use of potent medical narcotic drugs.