Colds - the most common viral respiratory disease among children of different ages, which usually lasts about a week.
More than 200 different types of viruses can cause colds, but the most common pathogen is rhinovirus. Because of the huge number of existing and new viruses that can cause colds, children will never be able to resist each of them.
For healthy children, excluding newborns, the cold is not dangerous. Usually, the cold lasts 4-10 days without the use of special treatment. Sometimes, some varieties of cold-blooded viruses can promote the development of bacterial infections in different parts of the body: in the lungs, in the throat, in the ears or in the nose.
Symptoms of a baby cold
Most colds develop in children suddenly. There are runny nose, sneezing, general malaise and low temperature.
Due to nasal discharge that flows down the back of the throat, the child may have sore throat or cough. The virus can affect the nose, throat, bronchioles, ears. When chills, children may be disturbed by diarrhea and vomiting.
At the very beginning of the disease, the child may be annoying, complaining of headache and nasal congestion. Subsequently, discharge from the nose may darken and become thick, there is a mild cough that lasts for several days.
Pre-school children can be ill on a cold nine times a year, children attending a kindergarten - up to 12 times a year, adolescents and adults suffer about seven times a year.
The season of colds begins in September and ends in March-April. It is precisely at this time that the risk of colds in a child is maximal.
Complications with chills
For children suffering from asthma, a cold can be a serious test. In colds inflamed airways, and they can easily narrow.
Therefore, if your child has asthma, parents should immediately consult a doctor immediately after symptoms of a cold and make sure asthma is effective.
Viral pneumonia is one of the most serious complications of influenza or cold. Her symptoms include weak fever (less than 39 degrees), expectoration of mucus, pain and fatigue.
Reye's syndrome is rarely seen but a serious illness that can develop in a child as a result of aspirin use in viral infections.
Causes cerebral edema and changes in the chemical composition of the blood due to impaired liver function, this disease can affect all body organs. Symptoms of Reye's syndrome: drowsiness, confusion, seizures, coma, and in severe cases, death.