Chronic diseases of the airways

Health And Medical Video: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Overview (November 2018).

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Autumn is the best time to travel. It is in the autumn that you can easily combine rest with the healing, just choose the most suitable sanatorium for treatment and rehab.

It's no secret to anyone - the air we breathe is far from ideal. Factors such as cleanliness and humidity have a direct impact on our health.

Technogenic emissions, domestic pollution, dust, the spread of which increases during the heating season and low humidity can cause negative consequences and become a cause of exacerbation of chronic diseases.

The syndrome of an unhealthy building

In recent decades, scientists around the world are studying the effect on the body of moisture and domestic pollution in the air. Particular attention is paid to the air environment of the premises. Among the scientists and doctors, the term "Sick Building Syndrome" ("Sick Building Syndrome") has become widespread, occurring in people who have been staying in a room with low-grade air for a long time. It manifests itself in the form of headache, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes, dry cough and fatigue. Symptoms usually occur when changing location. But with permanent stay in a room with contaminated and dry air, pathological symptoms can develop into serious diseases that are chronic.

What experts say

According to experts from the World Health Organization, a regular stay in a room with a poor air environment can reduce human life by 10-15 years.

Studies of independent European experts also confirm this trend. One of the largest research projects aimed at identifying the relationship between ventilation and human health, was held in the Swedish province of Vermland. Experts Jan Sandell and Carl-Gustaf Bornehag of the International Center for Environment and Sustainability at Danish Technical University studied the influence of indoor air on children. Studying for four years 11 thousand children has allowed to conclude that poor-quality indoor environment from the early age provokes the development of severe forms of allergy and asthma.

A number of studies conducted in Denmark and Sweden aimed to analyze the impact of poor-quality ventilation systems on employee performance. The experiment was conducted with the participation of two control groups of office workers who perform similar operations for several hours under identical conditions, except for the air environment. As a result, it turned out that the performance of the group operating in a room with a high degree of air pollution is 6.5% lower, and the number of mistakes made in the work is higher.

Dry air and household pollutants

Experienced way was found that insufficient air humidity contributes to the concentration of pollutants in it that have a negative impact on humans.

The air environment of the premises is full of potentially dangerous chemicals that can react with each other in low humidity with each other and create toxic compounds.

For example, the substance limonene - a synthetic flavor with a smell of lemon, which is widely used in the manufacture of household chemicals, in combination with ozone forms unstable substances, which are a strong stimulant of the mucous membranes and skin.

It is proved that the cause of dermatoses and conjunctivitis are often washing and cleaning agents, polishing agents, insect control agents, paint and varnish materials. Their toxic properties are increased many times in poorly ventilated areas.

Domestic dust, consisting of microparticles of various substances, is capable of adsorbing chemicals and, when it enters the respiratory tract, provoke diseases accompanied by coughing, difficult breathing, asthmatic attacks. Similar effects on the broncho-pulmonary system are given by the products of the destruction of polymeric materials: construction finishing materials such as putty, some types of linoleum, wallpaper, chipboard, fiberglass. They all emit toxic compounds of toluene, phenol, methanol, butyl acetate, ethylene glycol and others into the air.

Effect of contaminated air on the body

The respiratory system of a person is reliably protected from the influence of air pollutants, but with regular long loads, this mechanism may fail.

Thin hairs in the nasal cavity are filters that hold large particles; The mucous membrane of the respiratory system dissolves small particles and neutralizes some gases; Sneezing and coughing remove substances that have fallen into the body; Flashing epithelium of the respiratory tract evacuates mucus and dirt.

With the weakening of the body's protective resources, air contaminated easily penetrates into the lungs. Weighted particles such as dust, soot, pollen, animal dusts pass protective barriers and settle in the alveoli of the lungs, disrupting their function and causing chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, allergic reactions.

Chemical elements negatively affect the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract, dry and irritate it. A substance such as carbon monoxide from the air enters the alveoli of the lungs, thence - into the bloodstream, and, by joining with hemoglobin, prevents oxygen saturation by causing hypoxia of all tissues and organs.

Methods of prevention

In order to maintain high air quality in the room and minimize the risk of respiratory diseases, attention must be paid to conditioning and moisture maintenance.

The room should be airtight regularly, opening windows for the windows that overlook the courtyard rather than the street.

After cleaning the rooms with a vacuum cleaner it is recommended to carry out wet cleaning.

The kitchen should be well ventilated, and an extractor must be installed over the gas stove.

To handle the premises, choose safe materials.

Subjects of household chemistry should be the least toxic, and after their use should be further ventilated premises.

An optimal method in the fight against dry and contaminated air is the installation of indoor climate systems with the function of cleaning and humidifying air.

It's no secret to anyone - the air we breathe is far from ideal. Factors such as cleanliness and humidity have a direct impact on our health.

Technogenic emissions, domestic pollution, dust, the spread of which increases during the heating season and low humidity can cause negative consequences and become a cause of exacerbation of chronic diseases.

The syndrome of an unhealthy building

In recent decades, scientists around the world are studying the effect on the body of moisture and domestic pollution in the air. Particular attention is paid to the air environment of the premises. Among the scientists and doctors, the term "Sick Building Syndrome" ("Sick Building Syndrome") has become widespread, occurring in people who have been staying in a room with low-grade air for a long time. It manifests itself in the form of headache, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes, dry cough and fatigue. Symptoms usually occur when changing location. But with permanent stay in a room with contaminated and dry air, pathological symptoms can develop into serious diseases that are chronic.

What experts say

According to experts from the World Health Organization, a regular stay in a room with a poor air environment can reduce human life by 10-15 years.

Studies of independent European experts also confirm this trend. One of the largest research projects aimed at identifying the relationship between ventilation and human health, was held in the Swedish province of Vermland. Experts Jan Sandell and Carl-Gustaf Bornehag of the International Center for Environment and Sustainability at Danish Technical University studied the influence of indoor air on children. Studying for four years 11 thousand children has allowed to conclude that poor-quality indoor environment from the early age provokes the development of severe forms of allergy and asthma.

A number of studies conducted in Denmark and Sweden aimed to analyze the impact of poor-quality ventilation systems on employee performance. The experiment was conducted with the participation of two control groups of office workers who perform similar operations for several hours under identical conditions, except for the air environment. As a result, it turned out that the performance of the group operating in a room with a high degree of air pollution is 6.5% lower, and the number of mistakes made in the work is higher.

Dry air and household pollutants

Experienced way was found that insufficient air humidity contributes to the concentration of pollutants in it that have a negative impact on humans.

The air environment of the premises is full of potentially dangerous chemicals that can react with each other in low humidity with each other and create toxic compounds.

For example, the substance limonene - a synthetic flavor with a smell of lemon, which is widely used in the manufacture of household chemicals, in combination with ozone forms unstable substances, which are a strong stimulant of the mucous membranes and skin.

It is proved that the cause of dermatoses and conjunctivitis are often washing and cleaning agents, polishing agents, insect control agents, paint and varnish materials. Their toxic properties are increased many times in poorly ventilated areas.

Domestic dust, consisting of microparticles of various substances, is capable of adsorbing chemicals and, when it enters the respiratory tract, provoke diseases accompanied by coughing, difficult breathing, asthmatic attacks. Similar effects on the broncho-pulmonary system are given by the products of the destruction of polymeric materials: construction finishing materials such as putty, some types of linoleum, wallpaper, chipboard, fiberglass. They all emit toxic compounds of toluene, phenol, methanol, butyl acetate, ethylene glycol and others into the air.

Effect of contaminated air on the body

The respiratory system of a person is reliably protected from the influence of air pollutants, but with regular long loads, this mechanism may fail.

Thin hairs in the nasal cavity are filters that hold large particles; The mucous membrane of the respiratory system dissolves small particles and neutralizes some gases; Sneezing and coughing remove substances that have fallen into the body; Flashing epithelium of the respiratory tract evacuates mucus and dirt.

With the weakening of the body's protective resources, air contaminated easily penetrates into the lungs. Weighted particles such as dust, soot, pollen, animal dusts pass protective barriers and settle in the alveoli of the lungs, disrupting their function and causing chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, allergic reactions.

Chemical elements negatively affect the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract, dry and irritate it. A substance such as carbon monoxide from the air enters the alveoli of the lungs, thence - into the bloodstream, and, by joining with hemoglobin, prevents oxygen saturation by causing hypoxia of all tissues and organs.

Methods of prevention

In order to maintain high air quality in the room and minimize the risk of respiratory diseases, attention must be paid to conditioning and moisture maintenance.

The room should be airtight regularly, opening windows for the windows that overlook the courtyard rather than the street.

After cleaning the rooms with a vacuum cleaner it is recommended to carry out wet cleaning.

The kitchen should be well ventilated, and an extractor must be installed over the gas stove.

To handle the premises, choose safe materials.

Subjects of household chemistry should be the least toxic, and after their use should be further ventilated premises.

An optimal method in the fight against dry and contaminated air is the installation of indoor climate systems with the function of cleaning and humidifying air.

Chronic diseases of the airways
Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases