There are several reasons that can lead to atrophic gastritis. Most likely, helicobacter and autoimmune gastritis are leading him.
The majority of atrophic gastritis bind to the helicobacter infection. Bacteria cause initially superficial chronic gastritis, which passes into atrophic. Atrophy can affect all parts of the stomach or each of them separately.
Subatrophic gastritis indicates the initial stage of atrophic changes, not yet formed definitively.
Nocturnal atrophic gastritis is characterized by the appearance of areas of mucosal atrophy, that is, areas with a decrease in the number of glands and their partial replacement with a simple epithelium.
Atrophic antral gastritis indicates atrophic changes in the antral part of the stomach, about the further progression of the process.
Multifocal atrophic gastritis means that atrophic changes are prone to antrum and all parts of the body of the stomach. This condition is considered precancerous.
Autoimmune gastritis is associated with genetic predisposition. Antibodies are produced in the body, which lead to damage to their fundus glands and to their subsequent loss. Atrophic lesions can affect all glands or some individual. It is impossible to educate enough gastric juice.
Atrophy of the glands is the loss of cells that produce pepsin or release hydrochloric acid. Mucosal atrophy - these are the areas of the mucous membrane that have lost their normal function and are partially replaced by the cells of the connective, epithelial or other tissue. The secretion of gastric juice is gradually reduced, and the mucous membrane of the stomach is thinned.
Symptoms of atrophic gastritis are most often associated with dyspeptic manifestations: nausea, runny nose, feeling of weight after eating, rumbling, bad appetite, bad breath, swelling, diarrhea or unstable fecundity. Characteristic of the intolerance of milk and dairy products. Often joins other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: pancreatitis, cholecystitis, enterocolitis.
Gradually the body begins to feel the deficit of the necessary nutrients as a result of digestion and absorption. Dryness and pallor of the skin, anemia, hair loss and fragility of nails, deterioration of vision develops.
Means from gastritis with atrophic changes are varied. At the initial stage, drugs are used to restore the cells (solkoseril), to stimulate juvenile delicacy (plantaglycid, befungin, hipster broth, cabbage juice, herbs collection). For replacement, take gastric juice, acidine-pepsin. When violations of motor skills are prescribed motilium, and with pains - halidor, buskopan.
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