Studies show that cholesterol of high density lipids protects patients with diabetes from stroke and heart attack.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disorder of glucose metabolism, which is often combined with other metabolic disorders. Thus, in half of patients with diabetes, low cholesterol associated with high-density lipoprotein (HL-HDL) is observed.
A similar form of cholesterol is considered good, as it has a protective effect on the blood vessels and prevents the development of atherosclerosis. The maintenance of HDL cholesterol less than 40 mg/dL is a risk factor for the disease of the cardiovascular system and stroke.
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That is why specialists recommend to increase the level of good cholesterol in the blood, which will help patients with type 2 diabetes to prevent the development of vascular complications.
Researchers from the medical company Kaiser Permanente (USA) observed over the last five years the content of HDL-C in the blood of just over 30,000 patients with type 2 diabetes. The obtained data were compared with the frequency of hospitalization of patients for a heart attack or stroke.
It turned out that an increase in the content of beneficial cholesterol by only 5 mg/dl reduces the risk of entering the hospital by 4%. At the same time, the drop in the level of H-HDL by 6.5 mg/dl increases the likelihood of development of vascular complications by as much as 11%.
Lifestyle, medicine and cholesterol levels
Scientists were not able to track the measures that helped participants maintain good cholesterol levels. However, it is known that certain lifestyle changes, such as smoking cessation, physical activity and weight loss, have a beneficial effect on lipid metabolism. And by themselves, these measures reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, so they are very important not only in Type 2 diabetes, but also to maintain overall health.
Experts note that higher-grade H-HDL can help with classics of statins, but they are mainly used for another purpose - to reduce the amount of bad cholesterol.
In addition, fat metabolism is beneficially beneficial for vitamins, such as niacin, and preparations from the group of fibrates. However, the efficacy of these drugs in clinical trials has not yet been verified, so they are not yet officially used for the prevention of heart and blood diseases in type 2 diabetes.
That is why clinical pharmacologists consider one of their priority tasks to create a medicinal product that would raise the level of good cholesterol.
The results of a study by American scientists have been published in the online version of the journal AmericanJournalofCardiology.