Chemical burning skin: treatment

How To Treat Chemical Burns (Health And Medical Video July 2018).

The success of the treatment of chemical skin burns is determined by the length of their education and the timeliness and completeness of the volume of provided pre-treatment.

Unlike traumatic lesions of various etiologies, chemical skin burns are accompanied by a physico-chemical change in the affected tissues, which can lead to a deepening and spread of the active substance in the short term.

The success of treatment depends on the prompt removal of the striking agent and the timely diagnosis of the severity of complications, often not obvious at the first review.

Chemical Burn of the Skin: Symptoms

Chemical burns of the skin of the first and second degree are characterized by:

  • Hyperemia and severe edema of the skin;
  • Irritation or smoking at the place of contact;
  • The formation of necrotic scab in the area of ​​defeat;
  • Depigmentation of the affected area with pronounced cicatricial changes.

In severe cases, there is a loss of all layers of the skin, tissue deformation and the development of burn sepsis.

Chemical burns of the skin: provision of precursor care

Regardless of the degree of injury, any chemical skin injury requires qualified medical assistance, the tactics of which can only be determined by a physician.

Provision of preventive care is aimed at the urgent removal of the active substance from the skin surface. To this end, plentifully washed affected areas with running water for 30-60 minutes. Exception is the chemical burn of the skin with unpolluted lime, which requires careful mechanical removal of the residues of the substance before the treatment of the place of contact.

After removal of the chemical agent, the treatment of the area of ​​the defeat by neutralizing solutions and the imposition of a clean bandage is recommended. The procedure for self-cleaning burns wounds with the use of oily ointments is not allowed.

Chemical skin burn: treatment

After transportation of the victim to a medical institution it is necessary to carry out an adequate diagnosis of the severity of the patient's condition and the depth of the burn area.

The provision of the first medical aid involves the treatment of burn wounds with antiseptics, the introduction of anesthetics and the use of agents that facilitate the acceleration of regenerative processes.

Such preparations are made from biologically active compounds, the action of which is aimed at reducing the destructive effects of a chemical agent and improving the microcirculation of blood in the affected tissues.

Chemical skin burns can lead to critical fluid losses due to open burning surfaces. In order to prevent possible destabilization of the patient's condition, infusion therapy with the introduction of colloidal solutions is used.

In severe burn injuries surgical intervention is possible in the form of a decompression operation with the removal of dead tissues and dermoplasty with the application of cutaneous grafts.

Chemical burning skin: treatment

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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