The biopsy of the cervix is carried out after a gynecological examination or a deviation has been detected based on the results of the tests. The uterus is the narrow and lower part of the uterus that connects the vagina and the uterus, located between the rectum and the bladder; from it take a sample of tissue for further analysis and confirmation or refutation of suspicion of anomalies, precancerous conditions or cancer.
A biopsy is carried out on 5-7 days of the cycle, after the termination of menstrual bleeding. It is possible to carry out the collection of the material for research only in the absence of infection, therefore, before the biopsy, the vaginal flora must be explored. If the infection is detected, the woman initially prescribes treatment and only after receiving good results of the tests, they conduct a biopsy.
The cervical biopsy is a procedure that is painless, short-lived, is done without anesthesia: there are no painful cervical lesions on the cervix, and during the procedure, the woman feels only light stretching, which is reduced by the uterus in response to the touch of the instruments. In order to reduce the reduction, it is enough to relax. The scalpel, radio links, biopsy forceps, and electro-loop are used to capture the material.
Conduct a biopsy under the control of a colposcope - a device similar to a microscope, and to indicate the altered epithelium area, a solution of Lugol is used as a dye.
Biopsy of the cervix in erosion
Erosion of the cervix is called redness, which a gynecologist can detect with a standard visual inspection. Redness indicates that the neck has inflammation, which means that there is an increased risk of developing the infection. Antibiotic therapy is often ineffective, and it is necessary to work directly with the inflammatory lesion. Therefore, in addition to colposcopy, women are prescribed to undergo biopsy of the cervix during erosion - to determine the state of the epithelium and to choose the approach to treatment: medical or surgical.
When erosion, a cervical biopsy helps to detect chronic cervicitis - prescribe antiviral or anti-inflammatory treatment; Platelet Metaplasia - the process of healing erosion, which does not require treatment; Leukoplakia - the diseases are treated surgically; Flat warts - prescribe antiviral therapy and possibly after a repeated biopsy, surgery; Dysplasia - prescribe anti-inflammatory, antiviral or surgical treatment; Cervical cancer - a woman should be under the supervision of a oncologist and undergo appropriate treatment.
Varieties of cervical biopsy
Depending on the results of colposcopy and the state of the cervix, a biopsy can take either a small sample of tissue or remove the area where the anomaly is detected. Therefore, distinguish the following types of biopsy:
- Constitution With a scalpel or a laser from the cervix, remove the cone-shaped tissue fragment;
- Trepanobiopsia. Material for research - small epithelium bits taken from several sections of the cervix;
- Endocervical biopsy. With the help of a special tool - curettes from the cervical canal, rubbing mucus.
What happens after a biopsy?
After the procedure, a woman can feel moderate pain for a few days, which can be taken for pain relief. The recovery period after the biopsy may take several days or weeks. At this time, the secretion after the cervix biopsy can be observed - both insignificant, brown, and moderate vaginal bleeding.
After cervical biopsy, at least two weeks should be avoided from physical activity and sexual activity.
The isolation after the cervix biopsy may be greenish or brown and go for a few days if the procedure was followed by an extended colposcopy and the cervix was treated with special solutions. Yellow excretion after a cervical biopsy or discharge with an unpleasant sharp odor may indicate the development of the infection, so a woman should consult a doctor.
For medical help, also in the event that during the recovery period there are the following symptoms: strong vaginal bleeding, in intensity similar or exceed menstrual bleeding; Severe pain in the abdomen; The temperature rises.
After biopsy and analysis of the results, a woman may be assigned either a re-colposcopic examination or an adequate treatment of the detected deviations.