Vaccination against borreliosis does not exist, persistent immunity is not produced. But it is possible to prevent serious consequences if you pass the mite into a laboratory in time.
Mite Boreliosis (Lyme disease, mucous membrane erythema) is a disease that develops as a result of the bite of ioxide mites infected by Borrell. The causative agent of Boreliosis affects the skin, joints and the nervous system. Vaccination against Lyme disease does not exist, and persistent immunity is not made even after the illness.
The path of infectious borelliosis
Lyme disease received its name from the city of Lyme, Connecticut (USA). There, for the first time, a pathogen was isolated - the bacterium Vorrelia burgdorferi, which gave the disease a second name. The reservoir of infection is infected birds and mammals. The transfer of borrelia is provided by ticks of the genus Ixodes - they also carry the tick-borne encephalitis and can convey both illnesses in one bite at a time. Borreliosis is less dangerous than tick-borne encephalitis - the odds of a successful recovery from the victim are much greater, but it must be borne in mind that mites infected with borellosis are much more likely to encounter tick-borne encephalitis virus.
It is known that Borrelia can be transmitted during pregnancy from mother to fetus. However, manifestations of Lyme's disease in infants infected before birth were not recorded.
Prevention of boreliosis
The best way to protect against mites - special clothing with cuffs on the wrists and ankles and regular (every 2-3 hours) review each other. The detected mite must be carefully threaded, stretched out, without tearing off the head, and try to send it to the analysis. The maximum activity of ticks is at the end of the spring and the end of the summer to the beginning of the fall.
If the analysis shows that the tick was infected Borrell, the disease can be stopped even before the first symptoms appear. For this, within 5 days after the bite, the patient is given certain antibiotics. It is not recommended to take the drug yourself - only after a positive response from the laboratory.
The incubation period of the Lyme disease is from 3 to 32 days. One of the first signs - annular redness at the site of the bite (erythema migrans Ring). It gradually increases in size, the patient may feel pain and itching in this area, general weakness, headache. The temperature rises. Untreated 4-5 weeks the disease develops vomiting, increased light and zvukochuvstvitelnost, symptoms of the nervous system, and tetraparesis parameter (that the ability to move the arms and legs, respectively), facial nerve paresis (patient loses the ability to govern m S faces: the language becomes obscure, there is a problem with chewing, can not close eyes, etc.). The causative agent also affects the heart muscle and joints. A person feels pain in the eyes - Iritis or iridocyclitis may develop.
In the later stages of the disease before pain and swelling in the joints align memory disorders and speech, impaired vision and hearing, pain in the hands and feet. Atrophic acrodermmatitis in the form of blue-red spots on the limbs may develop on the skin. The spills are merged and ignited. The spot on the spot is atrophied and is similar to cigar paper. To diagnose borreliosis is searched Borrell PCR in blood, skin, spinal and joint fluid. In their external manifestations of Lyme disease is similar to allergic dermatitis, tick-borne encephalitis (and it is important to accurately set the tick-borne encephalitis viruses in the blood), with cardiomyopathy and a variety of systemic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, Reiter's disease), etc.
Particularly borreliosis is also that even a fully transmitted disease does not provide long lasting immunity. Borreli are hiding in the lymph nodes of the infected person and, being there, do not allow the immune system to fully respond to the introduction of alien organisms. As a result, in areas endemic in borellosis, locals may not have Lyme disease at a single time.