Catarrhal gastritis is a simple acute gastritis, that is inflammation (redness) of the mucous membrane of the walls of the stomach.
Catarrhal gastritis is a simple acute gastritis, that is inflammation (redness) of the mucous membrane of the walls of the stomach. Such gastritis is common, occurs under the influence of a strong stimulus that has fallen into the stomach. Simply put, it can be called acute stomach irritation.
Catarrhal acute gastritis is primary and secondary. Primary acute catarrhal gastritis causes exogenous causes, that is, they come from the outside, they are alimentary and infectious-toxic. To alimentary factors include quantitative overload and aggressive in quality food: acute, fatty, fried, smoked, salted, pickled, low in food, frequent use of effervescent drinks, uncontrolled use of drugs.
Infectious-toxic factors are associated with poor-quality food infected with proteins, klebsielles, salmonella, etc., and their toxins.
Secondary acute catarrhal gastritis is endogenous, that is, of internal origin, it complicates severe infectious and somatic (general) diseases. Endogenous acute gastritis occurs when acute infections, metabolic disorders and massive decay of proteins, such as severe burns or severe radiation damage.
In severe cases, it is characteristic of increased temperature in gastritis, especially when it is associated with infection. Other features of the toxic and infectious gastritis are more pronounced vomiting and diarrhea, with possible dehydration, pain are widespread.
The effects of gastritis depend on the severity of it. Toxins of bacteria through the blood fall into the deep layers of the stomach walls, damaging it. In acute gastritis, a superficial change in the mucous membrane or deep damage to it may occur, up to necrosis (ovulation of the tissue areas). In severe course, general intoxication, disturbance of cardiovascular activity may develop. Occasionally, damage can lead to stomach bleeding, perforation of the gastric wall and peritonitis.
With timely adequate treatment, in most cases can cure acute gastritis, sometimes it remains in the form of chronic gastritis, or there are consequences in the form of concomitant diseases: cholecystitis, pancreatitis, colitis, dysbiosis and others.
The treatment scheme for gastritis involves basic treatment and symptomatic treatment. Treatment of acute gastritis always begins with the cleansing of the stomach and intestines (washing), and with the infectious component - the appointment of antibacterial (levomitsetin, enterofuril, amoxicillin) and adsorbents (polyfepan, polysorb, enterosgel). When dehydration, immediately begins infusion of isotonic sodium chloride and glucose solution or special combined solutions (Acesol, Disol, Hlosl, Ringer). When acute vascular insufficiency, they are prescribed cordiamin, caffeine, norepinephrine, mezaton. The first day - two people are advised to refrain from any food to allow them to clean and soothe irritated organs. Then the patient is assigned a strict diet, after a week she is gradually expanding.