Cardiography

Echo Cardiography (Health And Medical Video June 2018).

The term "cardiography" combines different methods of studying cardiac activity. Electrocardiography with the help of which the electrical cardiac activity is recorded is widespread.

A similar cardiology of blood vessels of the heart gives an opportunity to evaluate the blood flow of the myocardium, conduction and heart rate, changes in the size of the cavities of the heart, thickening of the heart muscle, to detect electrolyte imbalance, the prescription of a suffered heart attack, toxic lesion of the myocardium.

Record the activity of the heart from the body surface of the patient (electrodes attach to the chest, legs and arms), record the results of cardiography of the vessels and the heart for 5-10 minutes. The result of such a diagnosis is a heart cardiogram, on which the doctor-therapist, cardiologist or other specialist can analyze the patient's condition.

When to appoint cardiography of vessels and hearts

Indications for cardiography are pain, unpleasant sensations in the region of the heart, neck, back, abdomen, and chest (which is manifested in some cases by ischemia), shortness of breath, frequent vomiting, swelling of the feet, high blood pressure, heart sounds, rheumatism, diabetes, stroke.

To make a cardiogram for patients in preparation for surgery, during preventive annual examinations, during pregnancy, when registering documentation before the definition in health facilities and athletic sections, etc.

In addition, people after 40 years of cardiograms of heart are recommended to do annually, despite the lack of complaints. Only so can timely detect hidden disturbances of heart rhythm, ischemia, heart attack.

Decryption of cardiogram

To make a cardiogram, to decipher the received data and to appoint if necessary the appropriate treatment can only specialist. But to understand some of the terms that are important for decoding the cardiogram can be the patients themselves:

  • Heart rate (heart rate). Indicator displays the amount of heart muscle contraction per minute. If contractions greater than 91 per minute are tachycardia, if 59 strokes or less are bradycardia. The heart rate for an adult is 60-90 beats.
  • Electric Heart Axis (EBC). This indicator, obtained by means of cardiography, helps to understand the location of the heart, to determine the functions of its various departments. In the heart cardiac graph, the normal, horizontal, vertical, and left-to-right position to the left of the EVS can be indicated.
  • Sine regular rhythm. So the normal heart rhythm is called, which sets the sinus node.
  • Non-sinusoid rhythm. Such a formulation in the cardiogram of the heart indicates that the heart rhythm is given not by the sinus node, but by some secondary source of electrical cardiac potentials, which in turn indicates a pathology of the heart.
  • Sinus arrhythmia (sinus irregular rhythm). This term means that an incorrect sinus rhythm with gradual decrease and an increase in the frequency of heart contractions is recorded on the cardiography. This arrhythmia may not be respiratory or respiratory.
  • Atrial fibrillation or arrhythmia is flickering. A similar conclusion to the cardiology of the vessels and the heart suggests that there is some disturbance in the heart rhythm, most often occurs in patients after 60 years, passes without obvious symptoms and often provokes heart failure, brain stroke.

  • Paroxysm of the atrial fibrillation. This is what is called the sudden attack of the atrial fibrillation found on cardiography. Such a condition requires immediate treatment, and the earlier it will be started, the greater the likelihood of restoration of normal heart rate.
  • Atrial flutter. A type of arrhythmia that is heavier than classical arrhythmia.
  • Extrasystoles or extrasystoles. So in cardiac cardiac heart is called extraordinary contraction of heart muscle, which causes abnormal impulse. Extrasystole can be ventricular, atrioventricular, and atrial - depending on the area of ​​the heart, where such an impulse occurs.
  • Wolf-Parkinson-Wyth's syndrome (WPW). Congenital pathology characterized by abnormal electrical impulses and dangerous arrhythmia attacks.
  • Synodal blockade. A similar wording in the decoding of the cardiogram indicates a violation of the impulse to the atrial myocardium from the sinus node. Such a pathology is often found in cardiosclerosis, cardiopathy, myocarditis, heart attack, overdose of potassium supplements, beta-blockers, cardiac glycosides, after surgery on the heart.
  • Atrioventhicular blockade. This is detected in the cardiology of the pathology of the passage of the pulse from the atrium to the heart ventricles. Provides such a violation of the non-synchronous contraction of the ventricles and atria of the heart.
  • Complete, incomplete blockade of the legs of the beam Gis. Violation of the impulse in the thickness of the myocardium of the ventricles of the heart. Such a deviation is manifested with heart failure, cardiosclerosis, myocarditis, myocardial infarction, hypertrophy of the myocardium, high pressure.
  • Hypertrophy of the left/right ventricle. So called an increase in the size of the ventricle or thickening of its wall.
  • Scrubs Cardiography with this conclusion suggests that in the past the patient suffered a heart attack. In this case, prophylactic treatment is prescribed to prevent relapse and eliminate the cause of the disruption of blood supply.
  • Extended QT interval. In decoding the cardiogram, the acquired or congenital disturbance of conduction of the heart, which is accompanied by fainting, rhythm disturbances, cardiac arrest, is indicated.

In the process of examination, the cardiogram is often prescribed to children, but it should be borne in mind that their cardiology rates differ from those of adults. For children up to the age of a typical vibration of heart contractions, depending on their behavior. The average frequency of contractions in them - 138 strokes, EVS - vertical.

Cardiology of children 1-6 years reflects the vertical, normal and sometimes horizontal position of the EMU, the frequency of contractions - 128 beats, often sinus respiratory arrhythmia is often detected. Cardiograph of children's heart 7-15 l indicates that the normal heart rate is 65-90 beats, the position of EBV is vertical or normal, characteristic respiratory arrhythmia.

Cardiography

Category Of Medical Issues: Diagnostics

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